PhD projects

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Nurse shortages in the hospital sector

Uffe Bjerregård

An ageing population are leading to an increasing demand for nurses. This PhD focuses on variation in nurse staffing level and its effect on patient outcomes. The aim is to give insights into the variation in staffing level and workplace factors that have an adverse effect on patients. Highly detailed time series data provides a unique opportunity for exploring how staffing levels impact on patient outcomes.
Main supervisor: Kim Rose Olsen

 

Tracing causes of inequality in health and well-being
Maiken Skovrider Aaskoven

This PhD project aims to investigate individuals’ ability to manage and adapt to significant stress or trauma in the aftermath of adverse health events. An important focus is to analyse the extent to which heterogeneity in individuals’ resilience drives inequalities in health and well-being. Furthermore, the project aims to identify the underlying factors that may influence this ability by way of childhood circumstances, life course events, social environment, and socio-economic characteristics.
Main Supervisor: Dorte Gyrd-Hansen

The use of patient-specific preferences in QALY-based economic evaluations

Christine Halling

This project aims to provide the first valuation of EQ-5D health state classification, using preferences from a group of patients from intensive care units. This new patient-specific valuation will be used in a concrete economic evaluation of preventive interventions used in intensive care units.

Main Supervisor: Dorte Gyrd-Hansen

 

Does inequity in access to secondary care impact quality of care?

Jamie O'Halloran

This PhD project aims to investigate whether several GP-related factors create inequality in patients’ access to secondary care – and how this inequality affects patients’ health. The project consists of three self-contained research papers each investigating a GP-related factor that may affect secondary care and patients’ health outcome. These factors are: the design of GPs’ remuneration scheme, GPs’ perception of a fair allocation of care, and GPs’ attitude towards risk.
Main Supervisor: Dorte Gyrd-Hansen

EU-flag

  This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020
   research and innovation programme under
                     the Marie Skłodowska-Curie grant agreement No 721402

 

Low-powered incentives influence on quality of care

Ryan Pulleyblank

This project aims to evaluate the influence of low-powered incentives (i.e. incentives which are not strongly tied to financial remuneration) on the quality of health care delivered in Denmark. In particular, the improved availability of information that can potentially optimize clinicians’ treatment decisions will be investigated. Populations of interest include patients with diabetes and heart disease. Outcomes of interest include costs, hospitalizations /readmissions, and mortality.
Main Supervisor: Kim Rose Olsen

EU-flag

  This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020
  research and innovation programme under
                    the Marie Skłodowska-Curie grant agreement No 721402

 

Preferences for income distributions when facing health risks: Individual and societal perspectives

Nicolai Fink Simonsen

The project seeks to disentangle individual and social preferences over health outcomes and wealth/consumption under uncertainty. Using a combination of longitudinal survey data, register data and incentivised experiment we will be able to identify individual risk preferences over the lifetime and disentangle whether inequality aversion is affected by the type of risk individuals are facing.
Main supervisor: Trine Kjær

 

The economics of emotional and behavioral difficulties in children and adolescents

Rasmus Trap Wolf

The PhD project comprise of studies that utilize register data to analyze the societal cost of mental health problems, validation of the use of a new  children and adolescent specific preference-based measure of  health-related quality of life in a mental health setting, and a cost-effectiveness analysis of a new transdiagnostic treatment for school-aged children who have emotional and/or behavioral problems.

Main Supervisor: Dorte Gyrd-Hansen

 

MomIT - An IT-based intervention to support postpartum women to a healthy lifestyle and weight control

Pernille Kjærgaard Christiansen

The objective of MomIT is to develop an IT-based intervention to support postpartum women to a healthy lifestyle and weight control. The project is inspired by a participatory design approach, where the users take part in the development, and theory on behavioural economics. Once the intervention is developed, a randomized controlled trial will be made at Odense University Hospital to test the effectiveness of the intervention.
Main supervisor: Eva Draborg

 

Preferences for universal health care coverage

Lise Desirée Andreasen

This project sets out to elicit public preferences for allocation of scarce health care resources in a public health care sector. Applying discrete choice experiments, the project tests preferences for giving priority to health gains for specific patient groups characterized by different levels of severity (end-of-life/quality-of-life), capacity to benefit and health behavior. Furthermore, the project tests whether preferences for individual health gains are different from preferences stated in a social decision maker position.  

Main Supervisor: Dorte Gyrd-Hansen

 

Defended on August 21th, 2018

Exploring time preferences and preventive behavior. The case of attendance to the gym

Eskild Klausen Fredslund

The study investigates possible insights about physical activity and exercise behavior that can be gained from analyzing members of a fitness center using theories from behavioral economics. For individuals in the developed world physical exercise is arguably one of the most effective ways to improve and sustain ones one health and one of the most popular ways to exercise in an organized form is via a membership of a fitness center. In Denmark alone more than 800.000 citizens are member of a fitness center. The thesis focus on time preferences and habit formation - to theories from behavioral economics that might explain why some individuals do not achieve and sustain an optimal exercise level.The thesis highlights the challenges that members of a fitness center may face in relation to achieving a sufficient and steady exercise frequency. This is relevant for the members of fitness center but just as relevant for policy makers concerned with introducing policies to support the public in a healthy lifestyle.

Main Supervisor: Dorte Gyrd-Hansen

 

Defended on May 23th, 2018

Economic evaluation of non-pharmacological interventions for dementia: methodology and application of decision modelling

Liza Sopina

This project investigates the methodological aspects of decision modelling of non-pharmaceutical interventions for dementia and Alzheimer’s disease. Quality of life, survival and costs associated with dementia are explored, and findings are used to inform a new decision analytic model for economic evaluation of non-pharmaceutical interventions in dementia.

Main supervisor: Jan Sørensen


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