This area study practices, processes, methods and/or models used to develop software in different contexts; from startups and new emerging to large and established organizations, and domains (e.g. health, banking and regulated domains). Software development has been characterized in essence as a human activity where human factors play a critical role to enact software processes in action. Thus, this action also investigates the interactions between human and processes in creating innovative software solutions. It examines team, project, portfolio, and organizational factors that may affect performance and productivity in software development, e.g., via studying software artefacts and associated data streams.