The reorganisation of Pontos by Pompey the Great involved the synoikism of populations for the creation of new poleis, challenging established local identities and concepts of belonging that had been established, maintained and re-created through generations. In order for the poleis to be succesful, the inhabitants needed to establish a sense of identity for the community as well as the hinterland. Studies of the material culture of specific communities will help reveal the degree of integration and dependence on external contacts (e.g. Cavanagh, Mee & James 2005; Foxhall 2004; Winther-Jacobsen 2010).
The methodology of the project consists in identifying well-preserved stable surfaces within the ancient polis of Neoklaudiopolis for detailed spatial analysis of surface finds such as pottery, stone tools, and architectural fragments, which will provide data for the investigation of urban development. The work will take place under the aegis of the Nerik-Oymaağaç project of the Free University of Berlin. The stable surfaces will be sampled by recording and analysing all archaeological finds within 2x2m squares for the purpose of mapping the finds spatially. All finds will be entered into the joint database and exported to GIS for spatial analysis. The maps produced will provide us with data for establishing spatial and chronological hierarchies such as phases of contraction or expansion, functional hierarchies in the form of a functional differentiation of space within the urban area, as well as social hierarchies in the form of social and economic differentiation among the community members. The results of the spatial analysis will be integrated with studies of locally minted coins and inscriptions.
By integrating the results of the spatial analysis with a study of the townscape, we aim to create a more complete narrative of the daily life in the Roman polis of Neoklaudiopolis.
Cavanagh, W., C. Mee & P. James 2005. The Laconia Rural Sites Project (Annual of the British School at Athens, Suppl. 36). London.
Foxhall, L. 2004. "Small rural farmstead sites in ancient Greece: a material cultural analysis" in F. Kolb (ed.), Chora und Polis (Schriften des Historischen Kollegs: Kolloquien, 54). Munich, 249-70.
Winther-Jacobsen, K. 2010. From Pots to People: A ceramic approach to the archaeological interpretation of ploughsoil assemblages in Late Roman Cyprus (BABESCH, Suppl. 17). Leuven.