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We have compiled a list of references and DOI links to papers we find useful when working with combined accelerometer and GPS data.

If you have published or read a paper you think should be added to this list, please do let us know by sending an e-mail with the reference (including the DOI link) to our contact e-mail.


Conceptual and methodological papers

Schmidt, T, Kerr, J., Kestens, Y, & Schipperijn, J (2019). Challenges in using wearable GPS devices in low-income older adults: Can map-based interviews help with assessments of mobility? Transnational Behaviol Medicine, 9(1), 99-109.

Stewart, T, Schipperijn, J, Snizek, B & Duncan, S (2017). 'Adolescent school travel: Is online mapping a practical alternative to GPS-assessed travel routes?' Journal of Transport & Health, bind 5, s. 113-122.

Meseck, K, Jankowska, MM, Schipperijn, J, Natarajan, L, Godbole, S, Carlson, J, Takemoto, M, Crist, K & Kerr, J (2016). 'Is missing geographic positioning system data in accelerometry studies a problem, and is imputation the solution?' Geospatial Health, bind 11, nr. 2, 403, s. 157-163.

Jankowska, MM, Schipperijn, J & Kerr, J (2015). 'A Framework For Using GPS Data In Physical Activity And Sedentary Behavior Studies' Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews, vol 43, nr. 1, s. 48-56.

Kerr J, Duncan S & Schipperijn J (2011) Using global positioning systems in health research a practical approach to data collection and processing. American Journal of Preventive Medicine 41 (5): 532-540.


Review papers

Yi, L., Wilson, J. P., Mason, T. B., Habre, R., Wang, S., & Dunton, G. F. (2019). Methodologies for assessing contextual exposure to the built environment in physical activity studies: A systematic review. Health & Place, 60, 102226.

McCrorie, P.R., Fenton, C. & Ellaway, A. (2014) Combining GPS, GIS, and accelerometry to explore the physical activity and environment relationship in children and young people - a review. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act 11, 93.

Krenn, P. J., Titze, S., Oja, P., Jones, A., & Ogilvie, D. (2011). Use of Global Positioning Systems to Study Physical Activity and the Environment: A Systematic Review. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 41(5), 508-515.


Validation papers

Schipperijn, J, Kerr, J, Duncan, S, Madsen, T, Klinker, CD & Troelsen, J (2014) 'Dynamic accuracy of GPS receivers for use in health research: a novel method to assess GPS accuracy in real-world settings' Frontiers in Public Health, vol 2, 21. doi: 10.3389/fpubh.2014.00021


Examples of studies that have used combined accelerometer and GPS data

Crist, K., Jankowska, M. M., Schipperijn, J., Rosenberg, D. E., Takemoto, M., Zlatar, Z. Z., Natarajan, L., & Benmarhnia, T. (2021). Change in GPS-assessed walking locations following a cluster-randomized controlled physical activity trial in older adults, results from the MIPARC trial. Health & Place, 69, [102573].

Stappers, N. E. H., Schipperijn, J., Kremers, S. P. J., Bekker, M. P. M., Jansen, M. W. J., de Vries, N. K., & Van Kann, D. H. H. (2020). Combining Accelerometry and GPS to Assess Neighborhood-Based Physical Activity: Associations With Perceived Neighborhood Walkability. Environment and Behavior, 0013916520906485.

Skau Pawlowski, C., Bondo Andersen, H., & Schipperijn, J. (2020). Difference in Outdoor Time and Physical Activity During Recess After Schoolyard Renewal for the Least-Active Children. Journal of Physical Activity & Health, 17(10), 968-976.

Andersen, HB, Christiansen, LB, Pawlowski, CS & Schipperijn, J (2019). 'What we build makes a difference – Mapping activating schoolyard features after renewal using GIS, GPS and accelerometers', Landscape and Urban Planning, 191, 103617.

Pawlowski, CS, Andersen, HB, Arvidsen, J, & Schipperijn, J (2019). Changing recess geographies: children’s perceptions of a schoolyard renovation project promoting physical activity. Children's Geographies, 1-12.

Crist, K, Schipperijn, J, Ryan, S, Appleyard, B, Godbole, S, & Kerr, J (2019). Fear Factor: Level of Traffic Stress and GPS Assessed Cycling Routes. Journal of Transportation Technologies, 09(01), [88457].

Borner, KB, Mitchell, TB, Carlson, JA, Kerr, J, Saelens, BE, Schipperijn, J, Frank, LD, Conway, TL, Glanz, K, Chapman, JE, Cain, KL & Sallis, JF (2018), 'Latent profile analysis of young adolescents’ physical activity across locations on schooldays', Journal of Transport & Health, 10, 304-314.

Frehlich, L., Friedenreich, C., Nettel-Aguirre, A., Schipperijn, J., & McCormack, G. R. (2018). Using Accelerometer/GPS Data to Validate a Neighborhood-Adapted Version of the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ). Journal for the Measurement of Physical Behaviour, 1(4), 181-190.

Stewart, T, Duncan, S & Schipperijn, J (2017). 'Adolescents who engage in active school transport are also more active in other contexts: A space-time investigation' Health & Place, 43, 25-32.

Van Kann, DHH, de Vries, SI, Schipperijn, J, de Vries, NK, Jansen, MWJ & Kremers, SPJ (2017). 'A Multicomponent Schoolyard Intervention Targeting Children’s Recess Physical Activity and Sedentary Behavior: Effects After One Year'. Journal of Physical Activity and Health, s. 866-875.

Pizarro, AN, Schipperijn, J, Ribeiro, JC, Figueiredo, A, Mota, J & Santos, MP 2017, 'Gender Differences in the Domain-Specific Contributions to Moderate-to-Vigorous Physical Activity, Accessed by GPS' Journal of Physical Activity and Health, bind 14, nr. 6, s. 474-478.

Alberico, CO, Schipperijn, J & Reis, RS (2017). 'Use of global positioning system for physical activity research in youth: ESPAÇOS Adolescentes, Brazil' Preventive Medicine, bind 103, s. 59-65.

Andersen, HB, Christiansen, LB, Klinker, CD, Ersbøll, AK, Troelsen, J, Kerr, J & Schipperijn, J (2017). 'Increases in Use and Activity Due to Urban Renewal: Effect of a Natural Experiment' American Journal of Preventive Medicine, bind 53, nr. 3, s. e81-e87.

Carlson, JA, Mitchell, TB, Saelens, BE, Staggs, VS, Kerr, J, Frank, LD, Schipperijn, J, Conway, TL, Glanz, K, Chapman, JE, Cain, KL & Sallis, JF (2017). 'Within-person associations of young adolescents’ physical activity across five primary locations: is there evidence of cross-location compensation?' International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, bind 14, 50. doi: 10.1186/s12966-017-0507-x

Van Kann, DHH, de Vries, SI, Schipperijn, J, de Vries, NK, Jansen, MWJ & Kremers, SPJ (2016). 'Schoolyard Characteristics, Physical Activity, and Sedentary Behavior: Combining GPS and Accelerometry' Journal of School Health, bind 86, nr. 12, s. 913-921.

Pizarro AN, Schipperijn J, Andersen HB, Ribeiro JC, Mota J, Santos MP (2016) Active commuting to school in Portuguese adolescents: Using PALMS to detect trips. Journal of Transport & Health. 2016 Mar 2.

Pawlowski CS, Andersen HB, Troelsen J, Schipperijn J. (2016) Children's Physical Activity Behavior during School Recess: A Pilot Study Using GPS, Accelerometer, Participant Observation, and Go-Along Interview. PloS one. 2016;11(2):e0148786. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0148786

Carlson, JA, Schipperijn, J, Kerr, J, Saelens, BE, Natarajan, L, Frank, LD, Glanz, K, Conway, TL, Chapman, JE, Cain, KL, Sallis, JF. (2016). Locations of Physical Activity as Assessed by GPS in Young Adolescents. Pediatrics (English Edition), 137(1), e20152430. 10.1542/peds.2015-2430. doi: 10.1186/s12966-017-0507-x

Vanwolleghem, G, Schipperijn, J, Gheysen, F, Cardon, G, De Bourdeaudhuij, I & Van Dyck, D (2016). 'Children's GPS-determined versus self-reported transport in leisure time and associations with parental perceptions of the neighborhood environment' International Journal of Health Geographics, bind 15, nr. 1, 16. doi: 10.1186/s12942-016-0045-9

Stewart, T, Duncan, S, Chaix, B, Kestens, Y, Schipperijn, J & Schofield, G (2015), 'A novel assessment of adolescent mobility: a pilot study' International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, vol 12, nr. 18, s. 1-11. doi: 10.1186/s12966-015-0176-6

Carlson, JA, Saelens, BE, Kerr, J, Schipperijn, J, Conway, TL, Frank, LD, Chapman, JE, Glanz, K, Cain, KL & Sallis, JF (2015) 'Association between neighborhood walkability and GPS-measured walking, bicycling and vehicle time in adolescents' Health & Place, vol 32, nr. 0, s. 1-7. doi: 10.1186/s12966-017-0507-x

Andersen, HB, Klinker, CD, Toftager, M, Pawlowski, CS & Schipperijn, J (2015) 'Objectively measured differences in physical activity in five types of schoolyard area' Landscape and Urban Planning, vol 134, nr. 0, s. 83-92.,

Demant Klinker, C, Schipperijn, J, Toftager, M, Kerr, J & Troelsen, J (2015). 'When cities move children: Development of a new methodology to assess context-specific physical activity behaviour among children and adolescents using accelerometers and GPS' Health & Place, vol 31, nr. 0, s. 90-99.,

Klinker, CD, Schipperijn, J, Kerr, J, Ersbøll, AK & Troelsen, J (2014). 'Context-specific outdoor time and physical activity among school-children across gender and age: using accelerometers and GPS to advance methods' Frontiers in Public Health, vol 2, 20.

Klinker, CD, Schipperijn, J, Christian, H, Kerr, J, Ersbøll, AK & Troelsen, J (2014). 'Using accelerometers and global positioning system devices to assess gender and age differences in children's school, transport, leisure and home based physical activity'. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, vol 11, nr. 8.

A Framework for Using GPS Data in Physical Activity and Sedentary Behavior Studies

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Accelerometer Data Collection and Processing Criteria to Assess Physical Activity and Other Outcomes: A Systematic Review and Practical Considerations

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Last Updated 28.09.2023