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Ranjila Joshi

Project Aim:

This PhD research aims at understanding the present anti-trafficking interventions and strategies that have been implemented in practice and their effectives in terms of preventing trafficking and reintegrating the trafficked women in the society and also identifying barriers and facilitators for the re-integration of trafficked women and their health care access in Nepal.



Effective reintegration of returnee trafficked women back in the society and increasing their access to health services provide is important steps to prevent trafficking and its public health impact.

Therefore, there is a need for evidence-based empirical knowledge that would help to identify the most effective intervention strategies to prevent human trafficking and reintegrate trafficked women and in-depth investigation of barriers and facilitators of trafficked women’s reintegration and their health care access in Nepal.


Research questions:

RQ 1. What kinds of interventions against human trafficking are there in Nepal; who are the actors and funders, how are the interventions implemented and evaluated; and what are the results of the evaluation?

RQ2. What are the facilitators and barriers of re-integration for the returnee-trafficked women in the Nepalese society and their health care access?


To map the anti-trafficking interventions and strategies, a combination of desk review of the grey and peer-reviewed literature and qualitative interviews with the program managers will be conducted sequentially. A purposeful snowball sampling technique will be performed to identify and recruit the potential program managers. Furthermore, a Grounded Theory technique will be followed to understand the facilitators and barriers for reintegration of returnee trafficked women and their health care access. In-depth face-to-face interview will be conducted with social workers working in reintegration; returnee trafficked women, their family and community members, health workers and female community health volunteers, who will be identified using theoretical sampling technique to collect the data. A constant comparison technique will be conducted to analyze the data.



Prof. Arja R. Aro (Main supervisor), SDU, Department of Public Health (IST)- Unit for Health Promotion Research.

Associate Prof. Pernille Tanggaard Andersen (Co-Supervisor) SDU, Department of Public Health (IST) - Unit for Health Promotion Research.


Time schedule:

01 October 2017- 30 September 2020

Last Updated 20.10.2023