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Key questions


  • Which factors determine whether a city strikes its own coinage or not? Civic status? A privilige bestowed by the governor or emperor? Tradition? Special circumstances? Wealth? Individual initiatives?
  • Which messages were the coins intended to convey? The civic status of the city? Its individual or special qualities? Its relation to the koinon or the province? Its loyalty to the emperor?
  • Who were the intended recipients of the message on the coins? The city's own citizens? Other cities of the region? An empire-wide "public"? The provincial governor? The emperor?
  • What determines the "language" of the coins: their text and pictures? Tradition? The practice followed in other provinces? Local, regional, or empire-wide innovations?
  • How does local (city) coinage relate to regional (koinon) and imperial coinage?
  • What role did itinerant coin-masters play in the production of coins and the diffusion of new coin images and legends? To what extend did cities imitate the coinage of their neighbours?
  • Is it possible to estimate the relative coin output of the different cities, and does this contribute to our understanding of their economic history?
  • Why do so few of the inland cities strike coins in the first century AD, and why do so many new coin series commence around AD 100?
  • What contribution can the coins make to our knowledge of the cities' monuments, in particular those of Neoklaudiopolis? Do they provide evidence for the spread of emperor-worship in the cities? Do they provide evidence for the introduction of new cults and deities?

Last Updated 16.08.2016