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Violence

Our research in the field of Violence, spreads widely covering projects ranging from sexual abuse, domestic violence, violence in close relationships, psychological violence and stalking. A focus throughout our research has been on documenting the severe psychological reactions and late implications after being exposed to violent assaults. 

Being a victim of violent assault can be a life threatening experience resulting in traumatization. Therefor we also do research in pre-, peri-, and post-traumatic factors associated with following development of ASD, PTSD and complex PTSD. 

Furthermore our research show the importance of rapid intervention after experiencing a violent assault. The psychological trauma reactions are often longlasting without treatment. Rehabilitation is however known for reducing symptoms and bettering the psychological well-being.

You will find a list of all our ongoing and completed projects below. 

Cant find what you are looking for? 

Projects related to robbery and bank robbery are placed within our research field of Work here.
Projects related to violence and traumatization of children are placed within our research field of Children here.
Projects of treatment and intervention of victims of violence are placed within our research field of Rehabilitation here.

You will find a list of all our publications of Violence here


Projects related to the research field:

Ongoing projects

The possible relationship between negative social control and mental health disorders appear relatively unexamined. The goal of the study was to examine potential mental health problems in a sample of young Danish ethnic minority women, who have been sheltered at a safehouse due to experiences of negative social control in the family. Furthermore, the study sought to expose any previous potentially traumatic events as well as the types of negative social control, they have been exposed to. Method: Data collection was part of a standard psychological screening procedure at the safehouse. Measures included the ICD-11 Trauma Questionnaire, Life Event Checklist, Beck Youth Inventories, Beck Depression Inventory, Beck Anxiety Inventory as well as a screening measure for negative social control and sociodemographic characteristics constructed by the conducting psychologist. Results: findings indicate severe mental health consequences, such as high rates of PTSD and C-PTSD, as well as severe symptoms of depression and anxiety in a large proportion of the respondents. Furthermore, partial correlations suggested that negative social control might play an important role in the development of e.g. PTSD. Discussion: Although the results might not apply to victims of negative social control who are not sheltered at the safehouse, they still contribute to the knowledge on mental health consequences of negative social control. The clinical implications of the findings are discussed. Future research should include men and develop a measure for negative social control.


Current issues:
Bech-Hansen, D. (2020) Trauma exposure and mental health of ethnic minority adolescents and young adults on the run from negative social control. Odense: Department of Psychology, University of Southern Denmark. (Master thesis).

Psychological violence is estimated to be the most common form of intimate partner violence (IPV). Despite this, research on the independent effect of psychological violence on mental health is scarce. Moreover, the lack of a clear and consistent definition of psychological violence has made results difficult to compare. The present study therefore aims to consolidate knowledge on psychological violence by conducting a systematic review and random-effects meta-analysis on the association between psychological violence and mental health problems, when controlling for other types of violence (e.g. physical and sexual) and taking into account severity, frequency, and duration of psychological violence.


Current issue: 
Dokkedahl, S., Kok, R., Murphy, S., Kristensen, T.R., Bech-Hansen, D., Elklit, A. (2019). The Psychological Subtype of Intimate Partner Violence and its Effect on Mental Health: Protocol for A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Systematic Reviews, 8(1), 198-2xx. Doi: org/10.1186/s13643-019-1118-1.

Related publications:
Christoffersen, M., Elklit, A., & Vang, M.L. (2019): Barnets tarv i loven om psykisk vold. Notat om definitioner, forekomst og afgrænsning. Odense: Videnscenter for Psykotraumatologi.

Completed projects

Interpersonal violence is a pervasive global public health problem associated with myriad health, social and economic consequences. In recent years the rates of interpersonal violence have decreased, however, high numbers of individuals continue to present to emergency departments for non-fatal violence-related injuries. Objective: This study aimed to examine a range of risk factors associated with violencerelated injuries in an emergency department in Denmark. Method: A case-control study was conducted on a sample of 3,940 victims of violence collected by the Accident Analysis Center for Aarhus County Municipality. Using the Danish Civil Registry System, controls were matched 10:1 on age, gender and municipality. Risk factors were rendered from Danish health and social registers five years prior to the violent assault. These included marital status, educational qualification, employment status, national origin, involvement with child protective services (CPS), prior convictions, and a diagnosis of adjustment disorder and alcohol and/or substance use disorders. Results: Multivariate logistic regression identified that being male, divorced, unmarried, non-Danish origin, attending compulsory education, being outside the labour force, students, involvement with CPS, prior criminal conviction and a diagnosis of alcohol and/or substance use disorders were associated with an increased likelihood of being exposed to violence. The dominant risk factors were alcohol and/or substance use disorders (OR = 3.62) and prior criminal conviction (OR = 3.54). Attainment of tertiary education was associated with a reduced likelihood of being a victim of violence. Conclusion: These findings highlight that research into effective interventions offered in emergency departments may help the public.


Current issue: 
Murphy, S., Kruse, M., Elklit, A., & Brink, O. (2019). Risk factors for violence-related injuries in emergency departments: A Danish linkage study. European Journal of Psychotraumatology, 10(1).

Related publications:
Murphy, S., Kruse, M., Elklit, A., & Brink, O.(Submitted). Psychiatric and Physical Health Outcomes Associated with Interpersonal Violence: A Propensity Score Matching Approach.

Childhood maltreatment is associated with a range of mental and physical health consequences. These consequences are apparent in childhood and often continue for many years into adulthood. Individuals who have been sexually or physically abused are more likely to experience serious health problems compared to their non-abused counterparts. Within the research literature there is a general consensus regarding the categorisation of types of childhood maltreatment. The Fourth US National Incidence Study of Child Abuse and Neglect identified four types of childhood maltreatment; physical abuse, sexual abuse, emotional abuse, and neglect. The current study will assess the prevalence of all four. To estimate the prevalence of four types of childhood maltreatment in Denmark while taking into considerations how each of the types of maltreatment vary as a function of gender or child-protection status.

Maltreatment is experienced by a significant proportion of Danish children. The reported prevalence rates were; physical neglect (3.0%), emotional abuse (5.2%), physical abuse (5.4%) and sexual abuse (3.4%). All trauma types were experienced by a greater percentage of females compared to males with the exception of physical abuse and all trauma types were experienced by a greater percentage of children given child-protection status. Female children and children who are given child protection status are those most at risk for experiencing maltreatment in Denmark. However, variability in prevalence rates of maltreatment across studies is problematic. Methodological variations and variation in abuse definitions may be partly attributable.


Current issue:
Christoffersen, M., Armour, C., Lasgaard, M., Andersen, T. E., & Elklit, A. (2013). The Prevalence of Four Types of Childhood Maltreatment in Denmark. Clinical Practice & Epidemiology in Mental Health, 9, 149-156.

Related publications:
Wolf, N. & Elklit, A. (2018) The impact of different types of child maltreatment on disordered eating in adulthood: A mediating role of PTSD and self-esteem? Journal of Child and Adolescent Trauma, 1-12.

Shevlin, M., McElroy, E., Murphy, J., Hyland, P., Vallieres, F., Elklit, A. & Christof-fersen, M. (2017). Cannabis and psychosis: the impact of polydrug use. Drugs and Alcohol Today, 17, 186-194. Doi: 10.1108/DAT-03-2017-0014.

Murphy, S., Elklit, A., & Shevlin, M. (2017). Child maltreatment typologies and intimate partner violence: findings from a Danish national study of young adults. Journal of interpersonal violence.

Hyland, P., Murphy, J., Shevlin, M., Vallieres, F., McElroy, E., Elklit, A., Christoffersen, M. & Cloitre, M. (2017): Variation in post-traumatic response: the role of trauma type in predicting ICD-11 PTSD and CPTSD symptoms. Social Psychiatry & Psychiatric Epidemiology, 52(6), 727-736. Doi: 10.1007/s00127-017-1350-8

Murphy, S. & Elklit, A. Validating Childhood Maltreatment Typologies Using Data Linkage. Journal of Loss and Trauma, 1-14. Doi: 10.1080/15325024.2017.1404204.

Sanderud, K., Murphy, S. & Elklit, A. (2016) Child maltreatment and ADHD symptoms in a sample of young adults. European Journal of Psychotraumatology, 7. Doi: 10.3402/ejpt.v7.32061

Elklit, A., Michelsen, L & Siobhan, M. (2016): Childhood Maltreatment and School Problems: A Danish National Study. Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 62(1), 150-159.

Cronin, S., Murphy, S. & Elklit, A. (2016) Investigating the Relationship between Childhood Maltreatment and Alcohol Misuse in a sample of Danish young adults: Exploring Gender Differences. Nordic Journal of Alcohol Studies, 33, 287-298.

Murphy, S., Shevlin, M., Armour, C., Elklit, A., & Christoffersen, M. N. (2014). Childhood adversity and PTSD experiences: Testing a Multiple Mediator Model. Traumatology, 20(3), 225-231.

Armour, C., Elklit, A. & Christoffersen, M. N. (2014). A Latent Class Analysis of Childhood Maltreatment: Identifying Abuse Typologies. Journal of Loss and Trauma, 19(1), 23-39. Doi: 10.1080/15325024.2012.734205

Armour, C., Smith, G. W., Elklit, A. & Christoffersen, M. N. (2014). Polydrug Use Typologies and Childhood Maltreatment in a Nationally Representative Survey of Danish Young Adults. Journal of Studies of Alcohol and Drugs, 75(1), 170-178.

Elklit, A., Karstoft, K.-I., Feddern, D. & Christoffersen, M. (2013) Predicting Criminality from child maltreatment typologies and posttraumatic stress symptoms. European Journal of Psychotraumatology, 4, 1-7. Doi: 10.3402/ejpt.v4i0.19825

Beck, N., Palic, S., Andersen, T.E. & Rønholt, S. (2013) Childhood Abuse Types and Physical Health at the age of 24: Testing Health Risk Behaviour and Psychological Distress as Mediators. Journal of Aggression, Maltreatment & Trauma, 23, 400-413.

Roenholt, S., Beck, N. N., Karsberg, S. H & Elklit, A.(2012) Post-Traumatic Stress Symptoms and Childhood Abuse Categories in a National Representative Sample for a Specific Age Group: Associations to Body Mass Index. European Journal of Psychotraumatology, 3. Doi: 10.3402/ejpt.v3i0.17188

Completed: 2012

Related publications:
Bramsen, R. H. (2012). Primær forebyggelse af seksuel vold blandt unge i Danmark: Faglig statusrapport i arbejdsgruppen omkring seksuelle overgreb blandt unge. København: Det kriminalpræventive Råd.

Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a global public health concern with profound psychological consequences. Perpetrators often have a history of childhood trauma and a range of co-occurring psychiatric problems, which may have implications for treatment. This study examines the prevalence of psychiatric and personality disorders (PD) among perpetrators and the association between a range of demographic, childhood trauma, and adult criminality variables for the most prominent disorders. Data were collected from IPV perpetrators (n = 529) engaging in a treatment program, ‘Dialogue Against Violence’. High rates of childhood trauma were observed. There was significant variation in the prevalence of clinical disorders and PDs, with Antisocial PD and Anxiety Disorder being the most common. A clinical disorder was the strongest predictor of PDs, likewise a PD was the strongest predictor of clinical disorders. Findings demonstrated that IPV perpetrators have a number of personality and clinical disorders and traumatic histories that need to be considered within a treatment perspective.


Current issue:
Elklit, A., Murphy, S., Jacobsen, C. & Jensen, M. (2017): Clinical and Personality Disorders in a Danish Treatment-Seeking Sample of Intimate Partner Violence. Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology, 1(15). Doi: 10.1177/0306624X17741603

Related publications:
Dokkedahl, S., Kok, R., Murphy, S., Kristensen, T.R., Bech-Hansen, D., Elklit, A. (2019). The Psychological Subtype of Intimate Partner Violence and its Effect on Mental Health: Protocol for A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Systematic Reviews, 8(1), 198-2xx. Doi: 10.1186/s13643-019-1118-1.

Dokkedahl, S. B. & Elklit, A. (2019). Understanding the Mutual Partner Dynamic of Intimate Partner Violence: A Review. Partner Abuse, 10(3)

Dokkedahl, S. B. & Elklit, A. (2018). Undersøgelse af indbyrdes vold. Videnscenter for Psykotraumatologi; Syddansk Universitet. (pp 1-101). (2. udgave, 2019)

Hansen, N. B., Eriksen, S. B. & Elklit, A. (2014). Effects of an intervention program for female victims of intimate partner violence on psychological symptoms and per-ceived social support. European Journal of Psychotraumatology, 5. Doi: 10.3402/ejpt.v5.24797

School killings attract immense media and public attention but psychological studies surrounding these events are rare. Objective: To examine the prevalence of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and possible risk factors of PTSD in 320 Danish high school students (mean age 18 years) 7 months after witnessing a young man killing his former girlfriend in front of a large audience. Method: The students answered the Harvard Trauma Questionnaire (HTQ), the Crisis Support Scale (CSS), and the Trauma Symptom Checklist (TSC). Results: Prevalence of PTSD 7 months after the incident was 9.5%. Furthermore, 25% had PTSD at a subclinical level. Intimacy with the deceased girl; feeling fear, helplessness, or horror during the killing; lack of expressive ability; feeling let down by others; negative affectivity; and dissociation predicted 78% of the variance of the HTQ total scores. Conclusion: It is possible to identify students who are most likely to suffer from PTSD. This knowledge could be used to intervene early on to reduce adversities. 

Current issue: 
Elklit, A. & Kurdahl, S. (2013). The psychological reactions after witnessing a killing in public in a Danish high school. European Journal of Psychotramatology, 4. Doi: 10.3402/ejpt.v4i0.19826

Related publications:
Christiansen, D., Hansen, M. & Elklit, A. (2014). Correlates of coping styles in an adolescent trauma sample. Journal of Child & Adolescent Trauma, 7, 75–85. Doi: 10.1007/s40653-014-0011-2.
 
Elklit, A. & Kurdahl, S.(2007) Vidne til drab. Psykolog Nyt, 61 (22), 3-7.

Elklit, A., & Kurdahl, S. (2007). De psykosociale følger af knivdrabet på Hasseris Gymnasium. Psykologisk Skriftserie, 28 (3), 1-94.



An emerging body of research has examined patterns of adolescent dating violence (ADV) via person-centered approaches. However, these studies seem limited, as they do not integrate previous victimization as part of the violence typology. The present study explored discrete patterns based on different types of childhood abuse and ADV and the role of differential negative outcomes across these patterns. Method: Data from a large Danish survey on dating violence in early adolescence were used. In total, 1,799 Grade 7 students aged 12-15 years (M = 13.5, SD = .5) were included in the study. Latent class analysis was used to identify typologies of childhood abuse and ADV victimization. Results: Four distinct typologies of victimization emerged: a revictimization class (5.3%), a childhood maltreatment class (13.2%), an adolescent dating victimization class (19.4%), and a low victimization class (62.2%). Associations between gender, low socioeconomic status, and ethnic minority status varied across classes. The probability of adolescents who reported that they were female, had low socioeconomic status, and had parents who were immigrants was significantly higher in the revictimization class than the remaining classes. Moreover, probabilities of smoking and excessive alcohol intake were much higher in the revictimization class than the remaining classes. Conclusions: The latent class analytic approach allowed us to identify meaningful subgroups of victims. Owing to the variance in the prevalence of negative health behavioral factors across the victimization subgroups, results point to the potential benefit of targeting subgroups of adolescents as opposed to applying universal prevention strategies for ADV.

Current issue:
Karsberg, S., Charak, R., Lasgaard, M., Bramsen, R. H., Hansen, N. B. & Elklit, A. (2019). Patterns of Childhood Abuse and Dating Violence Victimization Among Early Adolescents From Denmark: A Latent Class Approach. Psychology of Violence. Doi: 10.1037/vio0000231

Related publications:
  Karsberg, S., Bramsen, R. H., Lasgaard, M., & Elklit, A. (2018). Prevalence and characteristics of three subtypes of dating violence among Danish seventh-grade students. Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology, 6(1), 16-27. Doi: 10.21307/sjcapp-2018-004

Karsberg, S., Bramsen, R. H., Lasgaard, M., & Elklit, A. (2018). The Association Between Distinct Categories of Child Abuse Experiences and Dating Violence in Early Adolescence. Journal of Family Violence. Doi: 10.1007/s10896-018-9979-y

Bramsen, R. H., Lasgaard, M., Koss, M. P., Shevlin, M., Elklit, A. & Banner, J. (2013). Testing a Multiple Mediator Model of the Effect of Childhood Sexual Abuse on Adolescent Sexual Victimization. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 83, 47-54. Doi: 10.1111/ajop.12011

It is estimated that every year 6% of the adult population in Denmark become victims of physical assault (PA), and approximately 30% of them will be injured. In the United States a representative study found that 11% of the men and 7% of the women had been physically assaulted at some point in their lives. Several studies have shown that victims are at risk for developing a number of psychological sequelae as a consequence of PA.
The purpose of this issue is to assess the prevalence of Acute Stress Disorder (ASD) following violent assault in victims who come to the emergency ward, and compare the effects with degrees of injury. Two hundred and fourteen victims of violence completed a questionnaire 1 to 2 weeks after the assault. Measures included the Harvard Trauma Questionnaire, the Trauma Symptom Checklist and the Crisis Support Scale. Results: Twenty-four percent met the full ASD diagnosis and 21% a subclinical ASD diagnosis. Childhood sexual and physical abuse and shock due to a traumatic event that happened to someone close increased the likelihood of ASD four to ten times. Feeling of security and ability to express feelings reduced the likelihood of ASD by one-quarter, while feeling let down by others and hopelessness increased the likelihood of ASD respectively 1.4 and 2.6 times.


Current issue:
Elklit, A. & Brink, O. (2003) Acute Stress Disorder in Physical Assault Victims Visiting a Danish Emergency Ward. Violence and Victims, 18 (4), 461-472.

Related publications:
Elklit, A.(1985) Overfald et feltstudie i overfaldets psykologi. Nordisk Psykologi, 37 (4), 273-284.

Elklit, A.(1985) Violent Assault - a field study of the psychology of violent assault. Psykologisk Institut, Aarhus Universitet (19 s).

Elklit, A. & Brink, O. (2004)Acute stress disorder as a predictor of posttraumatic stress disorder in physical assault victims. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 19, (6), 709-726.

Charak, R., Dvorak, R. D., Koot, H. M., Elklit, A. & Elhai, J.D. (2015). Unique versus cumulative effect of assault on patterns of Substance-Use in a Nationally Representative Sample of Adolescents. Psychiatry Research, 230(3), 763-769. Doi: 10.1016/j.psychres.2015.11.014

Elklit, A. (2003) Mødet med det onde i et psykotraumatologisk perspektiv. Psyke og Logos, 24 (1), 152-161.

Elklit, A. (1991) Rotters sætningsfuldendelsestest i en komparativ undersøgelse af voldsofre. Nordisk Psykologi, 43 (2), 107-121.

Elklit, A. (1989) Behandling af voldsofre. Nordisk Psykologi, 41(1), 75-79.

Elklit, A. (red.)(1993) Psykologisk behandling af voldsofre - en symposie-rapport. København: Dansk Psykologisk Forlag. (1. udg. 1992 Psykologisk Institut, Aarhus Universitet).

Elklit, A. (1993) Offer for vold. Aarhus Universitetsforlag.

Elklit, A. (1993) Det kropslige aspekt i traumearbejdet. I A. Elklit (ed.): Psykologisk behandling af voldsofre - en symposierapport. København: Dansk Psykologisk Forlag, 86-93.

Elklit, A. (1993) To ud af tre voldsofre har problemer ét år efter overfaldet. Forskningsnyt fra psykologien, 2 (1-2), 20-21.

Elklit, Anna & Elklit, A. (1993)Ti ud af femten voldsofre er utilfredse med retssystemet. Psykolog Nyt, 47 (16), 564-566.

Hansen, T. P. & Elklit, A. (1993) Self-blame and guilt in victims of violence. Psykologisk Institut, Aarhus Universitet.

Recent research suggests that most young people exposed to school shootings demonstrate resilience, exhibiting no long-term dysfunction. However, a minority will experience severe and chronic symptoms. The likelihood of experiencing clinically significant reactions is influenced by pre-trauma functioning as well as peri-traumatic and post-traumatic factors. These include proximity to the trauma, peri-traumatic dissociation, post-traumatic emotional regulation difficulties, social support, and flexibility of coping styles.

This issue aims to synthesize research relating to youth responses to school shootings between 2014 and 2017. The main questions it addresses are how such events impact young people psychologically, and what risk or protective factors may contribute to different trajectories of recovery?


Current issue:
Travers, A., McDonaugh, T. & Elklit, A. (2018).Youth responses to school shooting: A review. Current Psychiatry Reports, 22, 47. Doi: 10.1007/s11920-018-0903-1

Related publications:
Elklit, A.(1996)Skuddramaet i universitetskantinen. En analyse af akutte eftervirkninger og handlemønstre. Nordisk Psykologi, 48 (4), 279-303

Elklit, A. (1994) Hvad sker der med mennesker, der er tæt på et skuddrama? Forskningsnyt fra psykologien, 3(6), 16-20.

Elklit, A.(1994) Skuddramaet på Aarhus Universitet. Psykologisk Skriftserie, 19(3), 1- 42.


This study examined intimate partner stalking experienced by 196 mothers stalked by the father of their children. Respondents completed a questionnaire concerning experiences of stalking and level of support by the authorities. Results revealed higher rates of harassing than violent stalking. In many cases, the children were also targeted by the stalking. Encounters with several agencies were common, but respondents were often not recognized as victims of stalking and demoralized by extensive case proceedings. This study calls for a special sensitivity of professionals encountering stalked parents in their work and highlights a need for coordination and cooperation among multiple agencies.


Current issue:
 Løkkegaard, S.S., Hansen, N.B., Wolf, N.M. & Elklit, A. (2019) When Daddy stalks Mommy: Experiences of Intimate Partner Stalking and Involvement of Social and Legal Authorities When Stalker and Victim Have Children Together. Violence Against Women, 1-19. Doi: 10.1177/1077801219826738

Related publications:
 Elklit, A., Vangsgaard, L.A.G., Olsen, A.S.W. & Ali, S.A. (2019) Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) Symptoms in Secondary Stalked Children of Danish Stalking survivors – A Pilot Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 16, 725. Doi: 10.3390/ijerph16050725

Schandorph, S., Wolf, N. M. & Elklit, A. (2018) Psychological Distress and Attachment Insecurity of Stalked Mothers. Journal of Interpersonal Violence. Doi: 10.1177/0886260518819883

Olsen, A.S., Vansgård, L. & Elklit, A. (2017): Når far stalker mor – hvordan børn påvirkes af stalking. Odense: Videnscenter for Psykotraumatologi (1-43).

Schandorph, S. & Elklit, A. (2013): Med barnet som gidsel – stalking af mødre. Odense: Videnscenter for Psykotraumatologi (1-75).


Research shows that the majority of reported rapes is never continued for prosecution but is closed during the police investigation. Studies suggest that rape assaults corresponding to stereotypes about "the real rape" and "the good victim" have a higher likelihood of continuing for prosecution. The aim of the present study was to investigate, if selected characteristics of rape stereotypes influenced investigational outcomes within a Danish police district participating in a multidisciplinary rape response team. The study was based on all reported rapes or rape attempts within a Danish police district over a three-year period (n = 248). Logistic regression analysis was used to investigate, if selected assault and victim characteristics influenced the likelihood of case continuing for prosecution. The following four prominent characteristics of rape stereotypes were selected for investigation: stranger perpetrator, no victim intoxication during the assault, presence of victim resistance and victim physical injuries, respectively. Results indicated that prominent characteristics of rape stereotypes significantly influenced whether the case was continued for prosecution. However, the independent effects of the investigated characteristics were not distinctively supportive of an investigative bias toward rape stereotypes. Even so, no victim intoxication during the assault and more physical injuries were found to increase the likelihood of case continuing for prosecution in this sample of reported rapes. Results are discussed in relation to the possible influence of a coordinated multidisciplinary rape response approach that characterized this sample.

Current issue: 
Beck Hansen, N., Hansen, M., Campbell, R., Elklit, A., Hansen, O. I. & Bramsen, R. H. (2018). Are Rape Cases Closed because of Rape Stereotypes? Results from a Danish Police District. Nordic Psychology. Doi: 10.1080/19012276.2018.1470552

Related publications:
 Hansen, N.B, Hansen, M., Nielsen, L.H., Bramsen, R.H., Elklit, A. & Campbell, R. (2017): Reported rape crimes: Are victims’ acute psychological distress and perceived social support associated with police case decision and victim unwillingness to participate in the investigation? Violence against Women. Doi: 10.1177/1077801217710002

Beck Hansen, N., Nielsen, L. H., Bramsen, R. H., Hansen, O. I., & Elklit, A. (2016). Anmeldt voldtægt. Faktorer relateret til sagshenlæggelse i anmeldte voldtægtssager ved Østjyllands Politi. Odense: Syddansk Universitet.

Hansen, N.B., Nielsen, L.H., Bramsen, R.H., Ingemann-Hansen, O. & Elklit, A. (2015) Attrition in Danish rape reported crimes. Journal of Police and Criminal Psychology, 30, 221-228. Doi 10.1007/s00127-014-0819-y

Armour, C., Elklit, A., Lauterbach, D., & Elhai, J. D. (2014). The DSM-5 dissocia-tive-PTSD subtype: Can levels of depression, anxiety, hostility, and sleeping difficul-ties differentiate between dissociative-PTSD and PTSD in rape victims? Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 28, 418–426. Doi: 10.1016/j.janxdis.2013.12.008

Beck Hansen, N., Nielsen, L. H., Bramsen, R. H., Hansen, O. I., & Elklit, A. (2014). Anmeldte voldtægtssager: En beskrivelse af flow og frafald i anmeldte voldtægtssager ved Østjyllands Politi. Odense: Syddansk Universitet. Videnscenter for Psykotraumatologi.

Bramsen, R. H., Elklit, A. & Nielsen, L. H. (2009) A Danish Model for Treating Rape Vic-tims – A Multidisciplinary Public Approach. The Journal of Aggression, Maltreatment, and Trauma, 18, 886-905.

Elklit, A., Due, L. & Christiansen, D. M.(2009) Predictors of acute stress symptoms in rape victims. Traumatology, 15(2), 38-45.

Elklit, A. & Christiansen, D.(2010) ASD and PTSD in rape victims. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 25 (8), 1470-1488. Doi: 10.1177/0886260509354587.


Last Updated 14.12.2020