The Interdisciplinary Centre on Population Dynamics | CPop
CPop conducts innovative research on changes in survival, longevity, and population aging, including their policy, economic, and cultural implications.
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About the centre
CPop is an interdisciplinary cross-faculty collaboration between researchers drawn from demography, public health, biology, mathematics, economics, political science and humanities.
CPop research spans a broad range of topics linked to ageing, longevity, and survival in human and non-human species. Learn more about CPop research areas and projects.
Our contribution to the sustainable developmental goals
Find out how interdisciplinary CPop research aligns with and contributes to the Sustainable Development Goals.
Obituary, James W. Vaupel, 02.05.1945 – 27.03.2022
With deep sadness, we announce that our founding Director, Prof Dr. James W. Vaupel, died on Sunday, March 27th, 2022 after an unexpected and short period of illness.
European Research Council Consolidator Grant goes to Annette Baudisch
Annette Baudisch receives a highly competitive ERC Consolidator Grant from the European Research Council to explore and find new patterns in fertility data.
COVID-19 pandemic has led to great life expectancy losses in Europe and overseas but not in Denmark
The COVID-19 pandemic triggered life expectancy losses not seen since World War II in Western Europe and exceeded those observed around the dissolution of the Eastern Bloc in central and Eastern European countries. Nordic Europe, with the exception of Sweden, have seen less dramatic impact of COVID-19 however. A new comparative study by our researchers and co-authors from Oxford University documents the unprecedented life expectancy change by sex and broad age groups published in the International Journal of Epidemiology.
New paper in PLOS ONE debunks our conventional beliefs about the primary role of welfare states in Europe
Welfare states mainly redistribute resources between age groups (from those who work to those who do not). Their impact on leveling off socio-economic status inequalities is much smaller in comparison. Pieter Vanhuysse and co-authors remind us that poverty alleviation and inequality mitigation potential is explicitly or implicitly part of most government interventions and that social policies should not be the sole ones that shoulder the blame for imperfect result.
The longevity revolution is going strong
New article about progress in longevity in the past and future. Our James Vaupel, Marie-Pier Bergeron-Boucher and Francisco Villavicencio address an essential question of how much can human lifespan be extended.
Diversification in causes of death in low-mortality countries
A new paper on variation in causes of death sheds further light on our understanding of population health and ageing. Just published in BMJ Global Health by our Marie-Pier Bergeron Boucher and José Manuel Aburto with Alyson van Raalte.
Understanding Physical and Cognitive Health Decline in the Oldest-Old Population
New paper by our Cosmo Strozza and Virginia Zarulli (with Viviana Egidi) on how demographics, socio-economic characteristics and one’s lifestyle affect changes in physical and cognitive health among the oldest old (aged 90+) published in The Journal of Aging Research.
New comparative research on Covid-19 related mortality in Denmark and other European countries is starting at CPop
CPop Professor James Vaupel, received a research grant to study consequences of Covid-19 related mortality. He and his team will produce estimates of death directly and indirectly attributable to the Covid-19 pandemic in 2020. The focus will be on analyzing daily excess mortality and to produce estimates of how many life-years were lost by those dying directly or indirectly from Covid-19.
European Research Council Advanced Grant goes to James Vaupel for Work on Lifespan Inequalities
James Vaupel from the University of Southern Denmark will develop cutting edge research on old-age mortality, lifespan inequalities, and retirement.
Welcome to our new PostDoc Morgane Tidiere
She is interested in sex-differences in survival across the tree of life and how to translate this knowledge into management of species. She also conducts projects on assessing management improvement across taxa in zoo populations.
Sex differences in adult lifespan and aging rates of mortality across wild mammals – New paper published in PNAS
In human populations, women consistently outlive men, which suggests profound biological foundations for sex differences in survival. Quantifying whether such sex differences are also pervasive in wild mammals is a crucial challenge in both evolutionary biology and biogerontology. By our Dalia A. Conde, Fernando Colchero and their co-authors
Our Rita da Silva was awarded a Villum International Postdoc grant
Our CPop affiliate researcher, Rita da Silva, was awarded a Villum International Postdoc grant of 2.5 million DKK to develop the project Submerging into demography: a new perspective to inform the conservation of aquatic species.
How long is life on pension for people from different socio-economic groups in Denmark? How large are the differences and can we expect them to widen or remain the same in the future?
Our new findings are highly relevant to the current debate about the fairness of the Danish pension system. We look at the differences in years spent in pension by five socio-economic groups today and the likely distribution in the future.
Dynamics of life expectancy and life span equality
As people live longer, ages at death are becoming more similar. This dual advance over the last two centuries, a central aim of public health policies, is a major achievement of modern civilization. Some recent exceptions to the joint rise of life expectancy and life span equality, however, make it difficult to determine the underlying causes of this relationship. Here, we develop a unifying framework to study life expectancy and life span equality over time, relying on concepts about the pace and shape of aging.
Progression of the smoking epidemic in high-income regions and its effects on male-female survival differences: a cohort by age analysis of 17 countries
We look at effects of smoking on mortality differences between men and women in high income countries over the period 1950 and 2015. The findings suggest that smoking is the major reason for sex differences in mortality in the last decades in high income countries and that about half of the sex differences in life expectancy can be attributed to smoking.
Sex differences in health and mortality by income and income changes
Investigation of mortality and hospitalizations of Danes born between 1935 and 1955 demonstrated that income at ages 55-59 was an important predictor of mortality, with increasing mortality for decreasing income quartile. Income trajectories as a proxy for change in social position have a larger influence on men’s than women’s health and mortality. Income in the late 50s is an important predictor of mortality, particularly for men.
The urbanization penalty, new research draws lessons about the impact of urbanization on mortality from the past
New paper from our Catalina Torres, Jim Oeppen and their co-author Vladimir Canudas-Romo in Population Studies
Why men die while women suffer
"Epidemographers and biological demographers at CPop collaborate to push the boundaries of our knowledge about the universality of the male-female health-survival paradox and the potential mechanisms underlying it."
Age-Independent Adult Mortality in a Long-Lived Herb
Relative to mammals and birds, little is known about the mortality trajectories of perennial plants, as there are few long-term demographic studies following multiple yearly cohorts from birth to death.
Silent Non-Exit and Broken Voice: Early Postcommunist Social Policies as Protest-Preempting Strategies
How can pension policies serve larger political causes? CPop Affiliate Pieter Vanhuysse on the strategic use of early retirement in Central and Eastern Europe
Errors in generation time could underestimate extinction risk
Homicides have a devastating impact on reducing life expectancy in Latin America
Latin America accounts for around a third of the world’s homicides despite having just eight per cent of its population. The study shows that Honduran males are hardest hit, losing six years of life expectancy due to homicides when compared to developed countries.
Can we expect any time soon a break in the longest lifespan record set by Jeanne Calment? And what does it teach us about human longevity?
New paper from our Anthony Medford and Jim Vaupel in PlosOne
Upsurge in homicides decreases life expectancy and life span equality among males in Mexico according to new demographic research
New paper from our Jose Manuel Aburtoand his co-author Hiram Beltrán Sánchez in AJPH
Measuring Intergenerational Justice for Public Policy
New publication by CPop's very own Pieter Vanhuysse published in Routledge Handbook of Ethics and Public Policy.
Pro-Elderly Welfare States within Child-Oriented Societies
A new paper by CPop's very own Pieter Vanhuysse.
Is plasticity of human lifespans advancing? New evidence from Denmark and Sweden
How long can we live? What is the plasticity of human lifespan? Questions asked by researchers and laymen alike. New research by Anthony Medford and co-authors published in renowned demographic journal brings mixed evidence from their study of centenarians of Denmark and Sweden.