James Vaupel from the University of Southern Denmark will develop cutting edge research on old-age mortality, lifespan inequalities, and retirement.
She is interested in sex-differences in survival across the tree of life and how to translate this knowledge into management of species. She also conducts projects on assessing management improvement across taxa in zoo populations.
Sex differences in adult lifespan and aging rates of mortality across wild mammals – New paper published in PNAS
In human populations, women consistently outlive men, which suggests profound biological foundations for sex differences in survival. Quantifying whether such sex differences are also pervasive in wild mammals is a crucial challenge in both evolutionary biology and biogerontology. By our Dalia A. Conde, Fernando Colchero and their co-authors
Our CPop affiliate researcher, Rita da Silva, was awarded a Villum International Postdoc grant of 2.5 million DKK to develop the project Submerging into demography: a new perspective to inform the conservation of aquatic species.
How long is life on pension for people from different socio-economic groups in Denmark? How large are the differences and can we expect them to widen or remain the same in the future?
Our new findings are highly relevant to the current debate about the fairness of the Danish pension system. We look at the differences in years spent in pension by five socio-economic groups today and the likely distribution in the future.
As people live longer, ages at death are becoming more similar. This dual advance over the last two centuries, a central aim of public health policies, is a major achievement of modern civilization. Some recent exceptions to the joint rise of life expectancy and life span equality, however, make it difficult to determine the underlying causes of this relationship. Here, we develop a unifying framework to study life expectancy and life span equality over time, relying on concepts about the pace and shape of aging.
Progression of the smoking epidemic in high-income regions and its effects on male-female survival differences: a cohort by age analysis of 17 countries
We look at effects of smoking on mortality differences between men and women in high income countries over the period 1950 and 2015. The findings suggest that smoking is the major reason for sex differences in mortality in the last decades in high income countries and that about half of the sex differences in life expectancy can be attributed to smoking.
Investigation of mortality and hospitalizations of Danes born between 1935 and 1955 demonstrated that income at ages 55-59 was an important predictor of mortality, with increasing mortality for decreasing income quartile. Income trajectories as a proxy for change in social position have a larger influence on men’s than women’s health and mortality. Income in the late 50s is an important predictor of mortality, particularly for men.
The urbanization penalty, new research draws lessons about the impact of urbanization on mortality from the past
New paper from our Catalina Torres, Jim Oeppen and their co-author Vladimir Canudas-Romo in Population Studies
"Epidemographers and biological demographers at CPop collaborate to push the boundaries of our knowledge about the universality of the male-female health-survival paradox and the potential mechanisms underlying it."
Relative to mammals and birds, little is known about the mortality trajectories of perennial plants, as there are few long-term demographic studies following multiple yearly cohorts from birth to death.
Silent Non-Exit and Broken Voice: Early Postcommunist Social Policies as Protest-Preempting Strategies
How can pension policies serve larger political causes? CPop Affiliate Pieter Vanhuysse on the strategic use of early retirement in Central and Eastern Europe
Latin America accounts for around a third of the world’s homicides despite having just eight per cent of its population. The study shows that Honduran males are hardest hit, losing six years of life expectancy due to homicides when compared to developed countries.
Can we expect any time soon a break in the longest lifespan record set by Jeanne Calment? And what does it teach us about human longevity?
New paper from our Anthony Medford and Jim Vaupel in PlosOne
Upsurge in homicides decreases life expectancy and life span equality among males in Mexico according to new demographic research
New paper from our Jose Manuel Aburtoand his co-author Hiram Beltrán Sánchez in AJPH
New publication by CPop's very own Pieter Vanhuysse published in Routledge Handbook of Ethics and Public Policy.
A new paper by CPop's very own Pieter Vanhuysse.
How long can we live? What is the plasticity of human lifespan? Questions asked by researchers and laymen alike. New research by Anthony Medford and co-authors published in renowned demographic journal brings mixed evidence from their study of centenarians of Denmark and Sweden.