- Secure a good and quick start on the programme.
- Secure a precise and sufficient mutual information on practical issues and about the completion of the project.
- Prohibit delays and drop-out, which can be attributed to the difference in expectations to the completion of the project.
Below, there is a list of suggested subjects that can be discussed at a matching of expectations-meeting. The PhD student and the main supervisor determine which of the subjects are relevant as a basis for concrete agreements.
After the meeting, the PhD student should write a short summary that is sent to the main supervisor.
Topics for discussion:
- Agree on the frequency of meetings and make a meeting calendar
- Agree on formalities regarding notice of meetings, agenda, minutes and mailing of enclosures.
The main supervisor is obligated to have meetings with the student on a regular basis. In consideration for the overall busyness it is a good idea to make a meeting calendar with fixed meetings. Regarding frequency of meetings, this should be considered in proportion to the different fases of the project just as the the fases each decides when and to what extent the co-supervisors attend the meetings.
It will be suitable for the student to set the agenda and call the meetings, and that you agree on deadlines for the calling, so that the supervisors will have a chance to go through the enclosures (results, manuscript, outline etc.). Avoid standard agendas, be concrete and specific in relation to the goal of the meeting.
You could e.g. decide that the agreed minutes are to be written that at the end of every supervision meeting and the next meeting will be based on these minutes. The minutes will be archived by the student.
- Agree on how the student and supervisor(s) is going to work with manuscripts and presentations
- Arrange which areas the supervision should concern and deadlines for feedback
A text production consists of many fases, from disposition and outline to finished, well worked-out text suggestions. The need for feedback in these fases is individual and varies over time, and a continuous dialogue between student and supervisor is necessary. Every time a text is forwarded, it is important that the student informs the supervisor of what elements he/she needs feedback on. It is equally important that the supervisor(s) tells which areas he/she will give feedback on, and the level of detail.
Always, agree on realistic deadlines for feedback on forwarded texts.
- Make sure that the PhD student is affiliated with a graduate programme
- Introduce the student to PhD networks, Phd Sund Club and Journal Clubs etc. in the research unit and at the institute, and discuss on the way how the student continuously presents the project in these fora
- Agree on which other internal activities the student is expected to take part in.
A professional discussion of the project and practice of presentation and discussion will increase the quality of the final project.
- Align your expectations to presence in the research unit, especially if presence outside normal working hours is needed.
The student may have been used to another environment with other norms of presence. Avoid conflicts by openly discussing the existing practice and the student's view on these.
- Enlighten the student of which facilities are available and listen to special wishes
- Introduce the student to relevant TAP-personale (Technically administrative staff)
- Discuss the project's financial situation and which expectations there are to the participation the student will have in obtaining research funding
Facilities concerning both office, IT and laboratory facilities as well as access to support from other groups.
It is important that the student knows which expenses the work place covers (e.g. transport) and which requirements there are for documentation etc. including special terms regarding the grant that are attached to the project.
Discuss how the student is expected to participate in obtaining research funding for own and other projects.
- In the beginning, agree on who is obligated to initiate the planning of research stays abroad /change of environment.
- Time plan for arrangements and stays
It is important to clarify whether the supervisor has business partners with whom the stay is expected to be placed or if the student must suggest possible research environments. The final profit is greater if the stay is well-planned.
- Agree on what terms the student is involved in the supervisors network
- Align expectations and obligation of initiative concerning participation in conferences
Development of networks take time and should not be slowed down by one party thinking that the other (supervisor/co-supervisor/student) takes care of it.
Early on, the student should know which conferences that are pivotal for the project and necessary to take part in, and to what extent the student is expected him/herself to initiate the participation in conferences etc.
- Discuss what possibilities and wishes there are for completion of the teaching obligation
The students can have different prerequisites for and wishes to the teaching task. It is a good idea to start one's teaching career with manageable assignments! Do offer the student pedagogical courses if needed.
The teaching obligation can be covered both by common teaching including exam, supervision (bachelor projects) and other teaching-related tasks (e.g. development work).
- Align your expectations to other knowledge dissemination
Depending on the character of the project, it can be relevant with knowledge dissemination to e.g. other groups of staff, patient associations, schools, parents, authorities, media etc. Agree on who comments on what and the extent of these tasks.
- What should the project plan contain?
- How will the follow-up and adjustment happen?
The project plan can be more or less detailed but should always contain a timeplan consisting of mile stones for the fases of the project, course periods, conferences, research stays and upcoming publications, if any.
It is very rare that one is able to follow the original project plan, it should be adjusted - not ditched - gradually as the project progresses and new ideas and unexpected conditions occur. This will be convenient in connection with the half-yearly reporting.
- Expectations/wished for a future career - what are the possibilities?
Today, PhD students are employed in many different types of jobs - not exclusively as associate professors or post. docs at universities. Therefore, an ongoing dialogue about expectations and possibilities is very important in preparation for improving the research application, establish the proper networks and being attentive toward possible jobs on and outside the universities.