You can take out an unemployment insurance policy from an unemployment insurance fund, known as an “A-kasse”.
Unemployment insurance funds are private associations that are associated with trade unions and other professional organisations.
Please note that a membership of an unemployment insurance fund is voluntary in Denmark. Because of that you are NOT automatically insured against unemployment.
It is possible to become a member of an unemployment insurance fund without being a member of the associated trade union.
You can become a member of an unemployment insurance fund if you are between 18 and 2 years before you reach the age of retirement and reside in Denmark (or another EU/EEA country and work in Denmark).
To be entitled to unemployment benefits if you become unemployed, you must have been a member of an unemployment insurance fund for at least one year and you must be able to take work with one day`s notice.
Joining an unemployment insurance fund only makes sense if you are from an EU/EEA country/Switzerland or your right to reside in Denmark extends beyond your letter of appointment and you can start work with one day`s notice. If you e.g. have a Greencard or an Establishment card, you can become a member of an unemployment Insurance fund and earn the right to unemployment benefits.
If your residence and work permit is based on e.g. the pay limit scheme, you get an additional 6 months` residence permit for seeking a new job, after your work permit has expired, but because you will need a new work permit before you can start in a new job, you do not meet the condition of being able to start work with one day`s notice.
First time unemployed can obtain right to unemployment benefits if you have had an income of at least 233.376 kr.(2019) during the last 3 years (in total) for full-time insured.
If you have been unemployed before and need to earn a new unemployment benefit period, you must fulfill the working requirements which means that you must work 1.924 hours before you can start a new 2 years period with benefits.
Please note that there are special rules for cross-border commuters.
For further information please follow this link.