Sub-project 1.The principal applicant, Anne Scott Sørensen, will be responsible for the underlying academic work and model development. As part of the rethinking of the concept of culture and of the relationship between the concept of culture and communication practice, the project will include a survey of cultural policy rationale and the implicit understanding of culture as it has been in evidence in the museological field since the midst of the 20th century (Ingemann & Larsen 2005; Skot-Hansen, 2008). The survey will create an overview of the preconditions for cultural communication by describing the movement in cultural policies from the democratisation of art and culture (1960s-70s) through cultural democracy (1980s-90s) to creative (economic) potential/innovation (2000s) and social-ethical practice (2010s) respectively, with the consequent shift of focus from expertise and education to users and participation. As part of this, there will be an investigation of the thesis in a specific Nordic cultural model that was developed during the first two (modernist) phases and was challenged during the last two (postmodernist) phases as a consequence of new public management thinking, as this thesis was presented in the Nordic project "Nordisk Kulturpolitik under forandring" (Nordic Cultural Policy Change) (Duelund 2003). With regard to international perspectives and trans-national comparison the project will draw on Professor Tony Bennett, University of Western Sidney, Australia, and Professor David Gauntlett, Westminster University, UK and others.
During sub-project 1, headed by the principal applicant, an updating and re-evaluation of this history with its typological rationale will provide the point of departure for a case study of a classical museum of literary and cultural history, which has been through the entire development: Bakkehus Museum at Frederiksberg. Bakkehus Museum was chosen because of its role as mediator of the national cultural heritage and the history of remembrance, based on the Danish golden age and the challenges it and other similar museums are currently facing. The thesis is that while the museum has hitherto derived its legitimacy on the basis of a view of process of national ”Bildung” and of its strong local ties, it is now faced with the need to reinvent itself in a post-national and post-welfare context, literally in the shadow of the mega-initiative, Carlsberg City.
The project will include on the one hand a historical part, in which the specifically historical elements will be viewed in a general light (based on archive studies, letters and reminiscences, pictorial material and interviews, etc.); and on the other hand a current part which, on the basis of an ethnographic study, (including photo and video documentation and dialogue with users), will provide a point of departure for reflection and development; finally, there will be a comparative part, which will include experience from other museums (of literary and cultural history), national and international that are undergoing a similar process of transition. The project thus comprises three main parts, a historical part, a current part and a comparative part. It will be developed in parallel with the general project, and the model development will be tested in a trial co-ordinated both with the museum and its director, curator Gertrud With, and with the director of the now integrated Frederiksberg Museums, director Michael Eigtved.