Fourth Industrial Revolution

Call for papers


Special issue on:
International Entrepreneurship Opportunities and Threats in the Fourth Industrial Revolution Era
Deadline for submissions: November 1, 2019

During the past decades, numerous studies have provided evidence on how new technology has been the pivotal driver in early internationalization (Etemad, Wilkinson, & Dana, 2010; Hannibal, Evers, & Servais, 2016; Shane & Venkataraman, 2003). Some authors expect that the Fourth Industrial Revolution (I 4.0) will further enhance this tendency as it represents new ways in which technology becomes embedded within products, services, industries and societies in general (Hannibal & Knight, 2018). I 4.0 is epitomized by several emerging technological breakthroughs that involve numerous constituent technologies (Strange & Zucchella, 2017). These include agile robotics, artificial intelligence, blockchain, nanotechnology, quantum computing, biotechnology, Internet of Things, 3D printing, and autonomous vehicles (Gambell et al., 2017). In extending this list some authors speculate that near-future developments will include marketable products and services based on even more revolutionizing technologies such as mobile supercomputing, intelligent robots, self-driving cars, neuro-technological brain enhancements, and genetic editing (Schwab, 2017). 

The evidence of dramatic changes already evident, and a wide span of industries are set to be disrupted by the emerging technologies (Gerbert et al., 2015). The breadth and depth of these changes leads to the transformation of entire systems of production, management, and governance (Lipson & Kurman, 2013; Schwab, 2017).

The Fourth Industrial Revolution implies numerous challenges in attempting to understand the changing market forces and adapting competences to profitable market positions (Ross, 2016). Because of this, it offers numerous opportunities for international entrepreneurs and entrepreneurial firms (Rayna & Striukova, 2014), which may be highly dependent on the specific industrial setting (Hannibal & Knight, 2018). However, the research literature into this highly potent area is still sparse. 

Therefore, we call for systematic research into the role of industry 4.0 in the internationalization of SMEs and international entrepreneurship dynamics. Hence, we aim to include both conceptual and empirical studies in this special issue. 

Notes for Prospective Authors:

Submitted contributions should not have been previously published nor be currently under consideration for publication elsewhere.

Papers are refereed through the journal’s double-blind peer-review process.

Please visit the Journal of International Entrepreneurship website for format and styling. A guide for authors is available on

Important Dates:

The deadline for submission is: November 1, 2019 for publication in early 2021 of the journal.

Please submit to the Journal of International Entrepreneurship at, select: Article Type and continue onward (click on Special Issue (SI) on the Fourth Industrial Revolution to Submit a New Research Manuscript)

Editor in Chief:

Hamid Etemad

Guest Editors:

Martin Hannibal
International Business & Entrepreneurship Unit, Department of Marketing & Management, University of Southern Denmark

Gary Knight
Atkinson Graduate School of Management, Willamette University, Oregon USA, and International Business & Entrepreneurship Unit, Department of Marketing & Management, University of Southern Denmark

Tage Koed Madsen
International Business & Entrepreneurship Unit, Department of Marketing & Management, University of Southern Denmark


Etemad, H., Wilkinson, I., & Dana, L. P. (2010). Internetization as the necessary condition for internationalization in the newly emerging economy. Journal of international Entrepreneurship, 8(4), 319-342.
Gambell, T., Blackwell, E., Dhawan, R., George, K., Marya, V., Singh, K., et al. (2017). The great re-make: Manufacturing for modern times. McKinsey & Company.
Gerbert, P., Lorenz, M., Rüßmann, M., Waldner, M., Justus, J., Engel, P., & Harnisch, M. (2015). Industry 4.0: The future of productivity and growth in manufacturing industries. Retrieved from business_industry_4_future_productivity_growth_manufacturing_industries.aspx website:
Hannibal, M., Evers, N., & Servais, P. (2016). Opportunity recognition and international new venture creation in university spin-offs—Cases from Denmark and Ireland. Journal of international Entrepreneurship, 14(3), 345-372. 
Hannibal, M., & Knight, G. (2018). Additive manufacturing and the global factory: Disruptive technologies and the location of international business. International Business Review. 
Lipson, H., & Kurman, M. (2013). Fabricated: The new world of 3D printing. Indianapolis, IN: John Wiley & Sons.
Rayna, T., & Striukova, L. (2014). The impact of 3D printing technologies on business model innovation. Digital Enterprise Design & Management, Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing, 53(1), 119-132. 
Ross, A. (2016). The Industries of the Future. New York, NY: Simon & Schuster Paperbacks.
Schwab, K. (2017). The fourth industrial revolution. New York: Crown Business.
Shane, S., & Venkataraman, S. (2003). Guest editors’ introduction to the special issue on technology entrepreneurship. Research Policy, 32(2), 181-184. 
Strange, R., & Zucchella, A. (2017). Industry 4.0, global value chains and international business. Multinational Business Review.