Akteurtheoretische Analyse der Sportvereinsentwicklung – ein theoretisch-methodischer Bezugsrahmen.
Currently, several changing trends can be observed in some sports clubs. The sport activities offered by the clubs are increasingly differentiated and the clubs’ services are no longer exclusively carried by the club members on a honorary basis but also to a certain extent by paid employees. However, these and other developmental trends do not concern all sports clubs. How do structural changes in sports clubs take place? What are the effects of changed club struc-tures (e. g. professionalisation) on their members’ action orientations (e.g. the commitment)? To give an answer to these two central questions, the current state of research is initially presented and then an actor-theoretical frame of reference is developed which is based on the structural-individualistic social theory. Unlike available approaches, the multi-level-model for the analysis of the development of sports clubs also considers individual actors and their significance for structural changes in the clubs. At the same time this model focuses on the consequences of structural changes for the actions of the club members. Especially with regard to the empirical analysis, the complex phenomenon of the development of sports clubs is subsequently reduced to partial questions and a specific methodical approach is developed. This approach is primarily characterised by the combination of member and club data in the framework of type-related case studies.
Nagel, S. (2007). Akteurtheoretische Analyse der Sportvereinsentwicklung – ein theoretisch-methodischer Bezugsrahmen. Sportwissenschaft, 37, 186-201.
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