Skip to main content


According to Section 7, subsection 2 of the Ministerial Order on the PhD programme, PhD students must complete PhD courses or similar study elements totalling approximately 30 ECTS points. One ECTS point equals 25-30 hours' work. These courses must be approved by the principal supervisor and the PhD committee. Students can be recommended to complete the courses during the first 1½-2 years of the programme.  

There are special rules for students under the 4+4 programme.

Last Updated 31.10.2019