How to structure an article

There are two major methods of writing an article: i) just write it, or ii) structure it first. Most people probably use a mixture of these two. We will show you how to keep the writing for later and concentrate totally on the structure. The course is designed to fit into the reporting culture of medical quantitative studies, but the principles are largely the same for qualitative studies. Laboratory studies have the same elements, as those taught in this course, but these elements are often put together in other sequences, e.g. the Methods, Results and Discussion could be mixed rather than described separately.

It is not a requirement to have completed the analyses to structure a manuscript. In fact, it may be easier if these have not been done.
During the four days of this course you will be taken through the four major 'topics' of a scientific article: Background, Method, Results and Discussion.

There are three requirements for this course:

  1.  Bring your computer
  2. During the week prior to the course, send us an ordinary e-mail with the title and study objectives of the manuscript you will work on during the course (Please, no attached file). If you forget we shall survive, but it is better if we can read this in advance.
  3. Make sure you are present from the very beginning.

At the end of this course, we expect you to be able to:

  • understand the 'anatomy' of a scientific article
  • structure your own scientific article
  • help others to do the same
  • review the work of others with some confidence.

You will finish the course with the completed skeleton of your own manuscript, which you can then fill out with sentences to produce an article.

The pedagogic approach is: Listen, understand, practice, consider the work of others, improve, remember
Lectures, workshops, individual work, fee-back, peer-review. There will be (reasonable) individual assistance by the course leaders.

There is a waiting list for this course, so if you were accepted but cannot attend, please contact the PhD School or Charlotte Leboeuf-Yde ( to let us know, so somebody else can take your place.


Professor Charlotte Leboeuf-Yde and Associate Professor Claire Gudex

ECTS credits: The course carries 3 ECTS points and 80% attendance is necessary.

Course fee
The course is free of charge for PhD students enrolled in Universities that have joined the "Open market agreement"
For other participants there is a course fee of DKK 5394,84,-