Crisis Management versus Collective Defense
In this paper, Nick Williams tries to answer some key questions about NATO’s military transformation. How did this transformation happen? How did NATO members succeed in transforming NATO as a military instrument? Importantly, what was a remote possibility in the early 1900s - a strengthened and assertive Russia - is now a reality. Russia is now able to challenge a NATO that, in the meantime, has expanded to Russia’s borders. Must, and can, NATO transform its military structure again to return to its original function of collective defense?
Peace in Practice
In this paper, Bodil Stevnsboe Nielsen gives an insight into the practical work of the EU Council of ministers and how decisions are prepared and taken. It illustrates how the structures and rules facilitate a culture of compromise rather than controversy which enables the Council to find solutions to seemingly intractable problems.
Surviving in a Forgotten, but Not So Frozen Conflict
In this paper, Lukasz Mackiewicz analyzes how specific policies on the 'Luhansk People's Republic' (LPR) regarding the provision of humanitarian aid and the nationalization of companies have exacerbated economic decline and contributed to the deterioration of living standards.