Development of catalysts and membranes for low temperature fuel cells
The growth of world population, economy boost and urbanization place increasing burdens on natural resources environment and energy demand. The combination of hydrogen, as an energy carrier, and fuel cells, as the efficient and environmentally friendly energy conversion technology, has been recognized as the solution with most potential. Despite the fast advance in the past three decades, fuel cell technology encounters three major challenges: high cost due to precious metal catalyst and proton conductive polymer, sluggish reaction kinetic especially oxygen reduction reaction and component durability, which are all closely related to material development and in-depth understanding on component interactions.
“Understanding on Interface Contribution to the Electrode Performance of Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells – Impact of the Ionomer Content”, Shuang Ma Andersen, Laila Grahl-Madsen, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy 41, page 1892-1901 (2016).
“SiC nanocrystals as Pt catalyst supports for fuel cell applications”, Rajnish Dhiman, Erik Johnson, Eivind M. Skou, Per Morgen and Shuang M. Andersen, Journal of Material Chemistry A, 1, page 6030–6036 (2013)
“Preparation of Nafion 117™-SnO2 composite membranes using an ion-exchange method”, Casper. F. Nørgaard, Ulla. G. Nielsen , Eivind. M. Skou, Solid State Ionics, 213 page 76–82 (2012).
“19F NMR studies of Nafion™ ionomer adsorption on PEMFC catalysts and supporting carbons”, Shuang Ma, Qian Chen, Fleming H. Jøgensen, Paul C. Stein, Eivind M. Skou, Solid State Ionics, 178 page 1568–1575 (2007).
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