In academic writing, you must refer to your sources and cite them correctly. The demands may vary between different studies and fields, so “correctly” in this context is a very broad concept. Some use name/year in parenthesis, others use numbers in parenthesis, some use numbers superscripted, others use name/year in the footnote system.
There are many different citation styles: APA, MLA and Vancouver are just a few. Each academic field has its own preferences, and there is often an academic organisation behind a style. For instance, health studies tend to follow the NLM or Vancouver style, while interdisciplinary fields in the humanities or social studies tend to use the APA or Harvard.
If you need help with a specific style, you can find guides or tutorials on the web, but be sure to check the original sources. Below you can get an overview over the many styles you can choose from, and which fields of research they belong to. Ask your supervisor, if you are in doubt about which one to choose.
|AMA / JAMA||Medicine, HEALTH||American Medical Association||AMA Manual of Style||E-book||Numerical1|
|APA 7th||Interdisc. HUM+ SOC.SC. +HEALTH, Psychology, Education, Communication and Cultural studies.||American Psychological Association||
Publication manual of the American Psychological Association 7th
APA Style 7th Blog
Book, order via Summon
SDUB's guide about APA 7th in Danish
|CBE||Biology||Council of Biology Editors Style Manual Committee||Scientific style and format: The CBE manual for authors, editors, and publishers||Book, order via Summon||Numerical(1) or Author/Year|
Comparative Biochemistry & Physiology
Part A: Molecular and Integrative Physiology
[Comp Biochem Phys-part A]
|Guideline for authors||Website||Author/Year|
|History, Law, Philosophy, American Studies||University of Chicago||Chicago Manual of Style||E-book||Author/Year or Footnotes|
|Harvard||Interdisc. SOC. SC.+HEALTH+TECH, Business.||Harvard follows standard DS/ISO 690.||
DS/ISO 690:2021 (Eng. ed.)
DS/ISO 690:2013 (Dan. ed.)
Log in by “Adgang via uddannelsessted”, choose SDU.
|IEEE||TECH, engineering, computer science, math.||The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers||IEEE Editorial Style Manual|| Website w. pdf
(IEEE Reference Guide)
|MLA||HUM, Classical studies, Literature, Language.||Modern Language Association||
MLA Style Center
Book, order via Summon
|NLM||HEALTH, Medicine||National Library of Medicine||Citing Medicine
|Vancouver||HEALTH, Medicine||International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE)||
NB: refers to NLMs Citing Medicine.