DKK 1,9 mio. - finansieret af Carlsbergfonden (01-01-2020)
Titel: Mapping the Human Capital of the Nordic Countries
Beskrivelse: This project proposes to gather uniquely detailed individual level data on human capital in the Nordic countries from the beginning of the nineteenth century until the Second World War, an important period for the development of the region. Human capital is usually difficult to measure, and is often proxied by for example literacy, years of schooling, or years of work experience. For Denmark and Norway, however, extensive historical sources allow for the construction of much more detailed measures. The sources provide: 1. individual level information on grades achieved in individual subjects at various levels of education; and 2. biographical information on the universe of high school graduates, from which can be taken other information beyond formal education which is relevant for human capital: the entire career from graduation to retirement, travels, and much more. The infrastructure provided by this grant would allow us to finance the scanning of the necessary material at the Royal Library, to purchase a server so that we can exploit machine learning to construct a detailed database of human capital from these sources, and to finance the linking of our database to existing census records in Denmark and Norway, thus allowing for its exploitation in subsequent research projects concerning human capital.
DKK 71.000 - finansieret af Carlsbergfonden (05.01.2020)
Titel: Udgivelse af bogen - A Land of Milk and Butter: How Elites Created The Modern Danish Danish Industry
Beskrivelse: To translate and publish research into the economic breakthrough of Denmark in the late 19th century. Research that started with a post-doc project financed by the Carlsbergfoundation: Den danske mejeriindustri i 1800-tallet: den tidlige udvikling, og grundene til dens succes. Economic history helps to understand where the development comes from - knowledge that developing countries today can use to accelerate their own economic development. In this light, Danish economic history is particularly interesting, as Denmark underwent a dramatic development in the 19th century, which contributed to Denmark today being one of the most developed countries in the world. Of particular interest is that agriculture has been a primary source of Danish development, which makes history different from most other countries. The manuscript provides a radical reinter-pretation of the background of the rapid growth in agricultural exports, which over time formed the basis for the country to become one of the richest in the world. It was commonly thought that Denmark revolutionized its economy, mainly due to the rapid spread of new technology, i.e. the centrifuge and new institutions; the cooperative movement. The manuscript describes that Danish success was far more complicated than that. It rested on a number of favorable conditions and targeted measures, including easy access to coal imports, early land reforms and immigration of labor and producers with relevant know-how. The manuscript provides insight that also has relevance for current developing countries.
DKK 85.000 - finansieret af DFF (01.02.2020)
Titel: Forecasting Electricity from Mutriku, a successful wave power plant
Beskrivelse: The Paris agreement in April 2016 set the rules for climate change mitigation worldwide, the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions and the promotion of clean sources of energy. Electricity production from renewable sources of energy suffers from intermittency because this energy cannot be easily stored. Issue that can be overcome by combining various energy sources. While wave power generation is still in the prototype stage in Denmark (four active prototypes are functioning in Danish seas), it is a reality in the Basque Country where it is the leading source of renewable energy in the short and medium term. The result of this governmental commitment is the construction of the Mutriku Wave Power Plant, the world’s first commercial wave power plant, which has been operative since July 2011. This project has access to production data from Mutriku, necessary to find the best forecasting model of electricity using oceanic data, and to advise the most efficient electricity trading strategy.
DKK 3,6 mio. - finansieret af VELUX Fonden (01-01-2020)
Beskrivelse: Europa bliver ældre. Den forventede levetid er stigende og den yngre generation får færre børn end tidligere generationer, og snart vil de store fødselsårgange født efter anden verdenskrig gå på pension, også i Danmark. Denne demografiske udvikling stiller spørgsmål til samfundet i stil med de spørgsmål som også Villum Kann Rasmussen stillede da han stiftede Veluxfonden i 1980erne, eksempelvis hvad der sker med ens fysiske og kognitive evner når man ældres, og hvordan ældre stadig kan bidrage til samfundet (1). Projektet Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (SHARE) søger at analysere processen med befolkningens aldring i dybden. SHARE er en unik fælles europæisk database, som samler data blandt 50+ årige i op til 28 europæiske lande vedr. deres aldring, sundhed og socio-økonomiske forhold via personlige interviews. Databasens videnskabelige potentiale ligger i de omfattende data (mere end 300.000 interviews med over 140.000 personer), der dækker samspillet mellem de økonomiske, sundhedsmæssige og sociale faktorer som former menneskers levevilkår. Det giver mulighed for at undersøge de forskellige måder, hvorpå mennesker på 50 år og ældre lever og arbejder i 27 europæiske lande og Israel, og for at skabe et grundlag for evidensbaserede nationale, europæiske og internationale politikker, som kan tackle de specifikke udfordringen ved en aldrende befolkning. Eksempelvis har et nyligt initieret ph.d.‐projekt ved Syddansk Universitet ved hjælp af SHARE‐data vurderet muligheder for differentieret pension og blandt andet påpeget at alder ikke i sig selv er afgørende for nedslidning (2).
DKK 550.000 - finansieret af Helsefonden (01-01-2020)
Beskrivelse: Since 2004 Denmark has participated in the SHARE survey under the management of the University of Southern Denmark (SDU). Furthermore, since 2017 Danish SHARE data have been merged with register data from Statistics Denmark. This database, REGLINK‐SHAREDK, is of unique value for societal and health research. Longitudinal interview data, which includes subjective and objective data on representative Danes, in combination with register data, provides unique opportunities for analyses and evidence based knowledge on relevant cause‐response mechanisms, not the least when it comes to the question why we age differently. SHARE data and research projects based on these can thus contribute to implementation of new policy initiatives addressing challenges following an ageing Denmark and Europe. Only few other countries can do this; research based on REGLINK-SHAREDK is thus internationally acknowledged. It is important that decision makers can access the most outstanding knowledge on these areas when meeting challenges from an ageing population. A continued Danish participation in SHARE is thus essential but is conditioned on financing the last three waves of data collection.