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Murphy, S., Elklit, A., Chen, Y. Y., Ghazali, S. R., & Shevlin, M. (2018). Sex Differences in PTSD Symptoms: A Differential Item Functioning Approach. Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy, 10 (5). Doi: 10.1037/tra0000355


Murphy, S., Dokkedahl, S., Shevlin, M. & Elklit, A. (2018). Testing Competing Factor Models of the Latent Structure of PTSD and CPTSD According to ICD-11. European Journal of Psychotraumatology, 9(1). Doi: 10.1080/20008198.2018.1457393




 Murphy, S., Hansen, M., Elklit, A., Chen, Y.Y., Ghazali, S.R. & Shevlin, M. (2018): Alternative models of DSM-5 PTSD: Examining diagnostic implications. Psychiatric Research, 262,  378-382. Doi: 10.1016/j.psychres.2017.09.011


Hyland, P., Murphy, J., Shevlin, M., Vallieres, F., McElroy, E., Elklit, A., Christoffersen, M. & Cloitre, M. (2017): Variation in post-traumatic response: the role of trauma type in predicting ICD-11 PTSD and CPTSD symptoms.Social Psychiatry & Psychiatric Epidemiology, 52(6), 727-736. Doi: 10.1007/s00127-017-1350-8




Palic, S., Zerach, G., Shevlin, M., Zeligman, Z., Elklit, A. & Solomon, Z. (2016). Evidence of complex posttraumatic stress disorder (CPTSD) across populations with prolonged trauma of varying interpersonal intensity and ages of exposure. Psychiatry Research, 246, 629-699. Doi: 10.1016/j.psychres.2016.10.062


Murphy, S., Elklit, A., Dokkedahl, S. & Shevling, M. (2016). Testing the validity of the proposed ICD-11 PTSD and complex PTSD criteria using a sample from Northern Uganda. European Journal of Psychotraumatology, 7 (1), 1-10. Doi: 10.3402/ejpt.v7.32678


Løkkegaard, S. S., Rønholt, S., Karsberg, S. & Elklit, A. (2016). Validation of the PTSD screening cartoon test "Darryl" in a Danish clinical sample of children and adolescents. International Journal og Methods in Psychiatric Research, 26(1). Doi: 10.1002/mpr.1514


Shevlin, M., McElroy, E., Christoffersen, M. N., Elklit, A., Hyland, P. & Murohy, J. (2016). Social, familial and psychological risk factors for mood and anxiety disorders in childhood and early adulthood: A birth cohort study using the Danish registry system. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, 8 (2), 95-101. Doi: 10.1080/17522439.2015.1113306



Tsai, J., Harpaz-Rotem, I., Armour, C., Southwick, S. M., Krystal, J. H., Pietrzak, R. H. (2015). Dimensional Structure of DSM-5 Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Symptoms: Result From the National Health and Resilience in Veterans Study. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 76 (5), 546-553 . Doi: 10.4088/JCP.14m09091


 Ghazali, S. R., Elklit, A. & Chen, Y. Y. (2016). Reliability and Validity of Child Posttraumatic Stress-Revised Instrument in Malay Language among Malaysian Adolescents. The Malaysian Journal of Psychiatry Online Early, 24 (1).


Hansen, M., Armour, C., Wang, L., Elklit. A., & Bryant, R. A. (2015). Assessing possible DSM-5 ASD subtypes in a sample of victims meeting caseness for DSM-5 ASD based on self-report following multiple forms of traumatic exposure. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 31, 84–89. Doi: 10.1016/j.janxdis.2015.02.005




Shevlin, M., Hyland, P. & Elklit, A. (2014). Different Profiles of Acute Stress Disorder Differentially Predict Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in a Large Sample of Female Victims of Sexual Trauma. Personality Assessment, 26 (4), 1155-1161. Doi: 10.1037/a0037272


Armour, C., Karstoft, K-I. & Richardson, J. D. (2014). The co-occurrence of PTSD and dissociation: differentiating severe PTSD from dissociative-PTSD. Social Psychiatry & Psychiatric Epidemiology, 49 (8), 1297–1306. Doi: 10.1007/s00127-014-0819-y


Hansen, M., Armour, C., Wittmann, L., Elklit, A., Shevlin, M. (2014). Is there a common pathway to developing ASD and PTSD symptoms? Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 28 (8), 865–872.  Doi: 10.1016/j.janxdis.2014.09.019


Elklit, A., Hyland, P. & Shevlin, M. (2014). Evidence of Symptom Profiles Consistent with Posttraumatic Stress Disorder and Complex Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in Different Trauma Samples. European Journal of Psychotraumatology, 5. Doi: 10.3402/ejpt.v5.24221.


Karstoft, K-I, Andersen, SB. Bertelsen, M. & Madsen, T. (2014): Diagnostic Accuracy of the Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Checklist in a Representative Military Sample. Psychological Assessment, 26(1), 321-325. Doi: 10.1037/a0034889.


Armour, C., Elklit, A., Lauterbach, D., & Elhai, J. D. (2014). The DSM-5 dissociative-PTSD subtype: Can levels of depression, anxiety, hostility, and sleeping difficulties differentiate between dissociative-PTSD and PTSD in rape victims? Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 28 (4), 418–426. Doi: 10.1016/j.janxdis.2013.12.008


Armour, C., Elklit, A. & Christoffersen, M. N. (2014). A Latent Class Analysis of Childhood Maltreatment: Identifying Abuse Typologies. Journal of Loss and Trauma, 19(1), 23-39. Doi: 10.1080/15325024.2012.734205


Ghazali, S. R., Elklit, A., Balang, R. V., Sultan, M. A. & Kana, K. (2014). Determining the cut off score for a Malay language version of the Centre for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CESD) using Receiving Operating Characteristic (ROC). ASEAN Journal of Psychiatry, 15 (2), 146-152. Doi: 10.1037/t61488-000


Charak. R., Armour, C., Elklit, A., Koot, H. M., Elhai, J. D. (2014). Assessing the Latent Factor Association between the Dysphoria model of PTSD and Positive and Negative Affect in Trauma Victims from India. Psychological Injury & Law, 7, 122-130. Doi: 10.1007/s12207-014-9192-0


Fowler, C. J., Charak, R., Elhai, J. D., Allen, J. G., Frueh, C. B., & Oldham, J. M. (2014). Construct validity and factor structure of the Difficulties in Emotion Regulation Scale among adults with severe mental illness. Journal of Psychiatric Research, 58, 175-180. Doi: 10.1016/j.jpsychires.2014.07.029.




Palic, S. (2013). Measurement and Documentation of Complex PTSD in Treatment Seeking Traumatized Refugees. Ph.d. afhandling, Syddansk Universitet.


Wang, M., Armour, C., Li, X., Dai, X., Zu, X., & Yao, S. (2013). Further evidence for a five-factor model of PTSD: Factorial invariance across gender in Chinese earthquake survivors. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 201, 145-152. Doi: 10.1097/NMD.0b013e31827f627d


Armour, C., O’Connor, M., Elklit, A. & Elhai, J. (2013). Assessing PTSD's Latent Structure in Elderly Bereaved European Trauma Victims: Evidence for a Five Factor Dysphoric and Anxious Arousal Model. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 10,  901-906. Doi: 10.1097/NMD.0b013e3182a5befb


Shevlin, M. & Elklit, A. (2013). The Latent Structure of PTSD: Different Models or Different Populations? Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 121 (3), 610-615. Doi: 10.1037/a0028591


Armour, C., Ghazali, S. R. & Elklit, A. (2013). PTSD’s latent structure in Malayan tsunami victims: Assessing the newly proposed Dysphoric Arousal model. Psychiatry Research, 206 (1), 26-32. Doi: 10.1016/j.psychres.2012.09.012




Hansen, M., Armour, C., Elklit, A. (2012). Assessing a Dysphoric Arousal model of Acute Stress Disorder Symptoms in a Clinical Sample of Rape and Bank Robbery Victims. European Journal of Psychotraumatology, 3 (1). Doi: 10.3402/ejpt.v3i0.18201


Armour, C., Elhai, J.D., Layne, C.M., Shevlin, M., Durakovic-Belko, E., Djapo, N. & Pynoss, R.S.: Gender differences in the factor structure of posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms in war-exposed adolescents. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 25 (4), 604-611. Doi: 10.1016/j.janxdis.2011.01.010


Armour, Cherie ; Elhai, J.D. ; Richardson, R. ; Radcliffe, K. ; Wang, L. ; Elklit, A. (2012). Assessing a Five Factor Model of PTSD: Is Dysphoric Arousal Unique PTSD Construct in Relation to Anxiety and Depression? Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 26 (2), 368-376. Doi: 10.1016/j.janxdis.2011.12.002




Armour, C., Elklit, A. & Shevlin, M. (2011). Attachment Typologies and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), Depression, and Anxiety: A Latent Profile Analysis Approach. European Journal of Psychotraumatology, 2, 1-9. Doi: 10.3402/ejpt.v2i0.6018


Elhai, J.D., Biehn, T.L., Armour, C., Klopper, J.J., Frueh, B.C. & Palmieri, P.A. (2011). Evidence for a unique PTSD construct represented by PTSD's D1-D3 symptoms. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 25 (3), 340-345. Doi: 10.1016/j.janxdis.2010.10.007 


Iversen, T. N., Christiansen, D. M. & Elklit, A. (2011). Forskellige prædiktorer for posttraumatisk vækst på mikro -, meso – og makroniveau. Psyke & Logos, 2.


Iversen, T. N., Christiansen, D. M. & Elklit, A. (2011). Posttraumatisk vækst: Et kritisk review over problemer med de nuværende målinger af begrebet. Psyke & Logos.


Armour, C., Layne, C.M., Naifeh, J.A., Shevlin, M., Durakovic-Belko, E., Djapo, N., Pynoos, R.S., & Elhai, J.D. (2011): Assessing the Factor Structure of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Symptoms in War-Exposed Youth with and without A2 Endorsement. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 25(1), 80-87. Doi: 10.1016/j.janxdis.2010.08.006


Armour, C., Shevlin, M., Elklit, A. & Mroczek, D. (2011). A Latent Growth Mixture Modelling Approach to PTSD Symptoms in Rape Victims. Traumatology,18 (1),  20-28. Doi: 10.1177/1534765610395627 


Armour, C., Elklit, A. & Shevlin, M. (2011) The Latent Structure of Acute Stress Disorder: A Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Apporach. Psychologival Trauma, 5 (1), 18-25. Doi: 10.1037/a0024848




Hansen, M., Andersen, T.E., Armour, C., Elklit, A., Palic, S., Mackrill, T. (2010). PTSD-8: A short PTSD Inventory. Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health , 6 (1), 101-108. Doi: 10.2174/1745017901006010101

Armour, C., Shevlin, M. (2010) Testing the Dimensionality of PTSD and the Specificity of the Dysphoria Factor. Journal of Loss and Trauma, 15(1), 11-27. Doi: 10.1080/15325020903373110

 Armour, C.; Elklit, A.; & Shevlin, M. (2010) Testing Alternative Factor Models of PTSD and the Robustness of the Dysphoria Factor. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 24(1), 147-154. Doi: 10.1016/j.janxdis.2009.10.002




Elklit, A. (2009). The development of the PTSD diagnosis - from Horowitz' stress response model to the exclusion of the dysphoria factor. Konferenceabstrakt.

Elklit, A. & Christiansen, D. M. (2009). Predictive factors for somatization in a trauma sample. Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health, 5 (1). Doi: 10.1186/1745-0179-5-1 



Christiansen, D. M. & Elklit, A. (2008). Risk factors predict post-traumatic stress disorder differently in men and women. Annals of General Psychiatry,7 (1). Doi: 10.1186/1744-859X-7-24

Simonsen, E. & Elklit, A. (2008). Experiences in Translating and Validating the MCMI in Denmark. In Millon, T. & Bloom, c. (Eds.) The Millon Inventories: A Practitioner´s Guide to Personalized Clinical Assessment. 2nd edition. (pp 387-404). NY.: Guilford Press. 



O’Connor, M., Lasgaard, M., Spindler, H. & Elklit, A. (2007). The impact of different diagnostic criteria on PTSD prevalence. Nordic Psychology, 59(4), 317-331. Doi: 10.1027/1901-2276.59.4.317

 Elklit, A. & Shevlin, M. (2007). The Structure of PTSD Symptoms: A Test of Alternative Models Using Confirmatory Factor Analysis. British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 46 (3), 299-313. Doi: 10.1348/014466506X171540

Elklit, A., Shevlin, M., Solomon, Z., Dekel, R. (2007). Factor Structure and Concurrent Validity of the World Assumption Scale. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 20(3), 291-301. Doi: 10.1002/jts.20203



Elklit, A. (2006). Psychological Assessment and Diagnosing of Traumatised Refugees. Århus: Psykologisk Institut, Aarhus Universitet

Elklit, A. (2006). Redskaber til psykologisk undersøgelse og diagnostic af traumatiserede. I Elsaas, P., Ivanow, J., Mortensen, E. L., Poulsen, S. & Rosenbaum, B. (red.): Assessment Metoder. København: Dansk Psykologisk Forlag


Elklit, A. & Kjølbye, M. (2006). Instrumenter til vurdering af forsvarsmekanismer. I Elsaas, P., Ivanow, J., Mortensen, E. L., Poulsen, S. & Rosenbaum, B. (red.): Assessment Metoder. København: Dansk Psykologisk Forlag.




Elklit, A. & Elsass, P. (2005). Psykologer kan diagnosticere. Ugeskrift for læger 167 (41), 3900-3901. 



Elklit, A. & Brink, O. (2004) Acute stress disorder as a predictor of posttraumatic stress disorder in physical assault victims. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 19(6), 709-726. Doi: 10.1177/0886260504263872              

Elklit, A. (2004) En afprøvning af MCMI-III på et dansk patientmateriale. I Elklit, A. & Simonsen, E. (Eds.): En introduktion til Millon Clinical Multiaxial Inventory, 2. udgave. København: Psykologisk forlag.




Elklit, A. & Bach, M. (2003). Review of evidence for considering numbing a separate diagnostic category of PTSD. European Psychotherapy 84-88. 


Elklit, A. (2003). Empirical evidence for considering numbing a separate diagnostic category of PTSD. I J. Denollet ; I. Nyklícek ; A. Vingerhoets The (Non)Expression of emotions in health and disease. Abstracts from the Third International Conference on the (Non)Expression of Emotions in Health and Disease. red. 2003.: 132.



Elklit, A. & Simonsen, E. (2002) En introduktion til Millon Clinical Multiaxial Inventory. København: Psykologisk forlag



Elklit, A. (2001). Psykologisk undersøgelse og diagnostik af traumatiserede flygtninge. Psykologisk Pædagogisk Rådgivning, 38(5), 331-338.


Elklit, A. & Fuglsang, A.K. (2001). En oversigt over dansk psykotraumatologi. I Dansk Krise- og Katastrofepsykologisk Selskab. København. 

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