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Center for Sundhedsfilosofi og Etik



Bruun, H., Milling, L., Mikkelsen, S., & Huniche, L. (2022). Ethical challenges experienced by prehospital emergency personnel: a practice-based model of analysis. BMC Medical Ethics, 23(1), 1-14.


Nielsen, M.D., Kvorning, L.V. & Folker, A.P., 2021: Healthy settings: Supported housing for people with mental- and intellectual disabilities in Denmark. Health Promotion International. Doi:


Brøchner, A. C., Binderup, L. G., Schaffalitzky, C., & Mikkelsen, S. (2020). Does the "Morning Morality Effect" Apply to Prehospital Anaesthesiologists? An Investigation Into Diurnal Changes in Ethical Behaviour. Healthcare, 8(2), [101]

Christensen  A.M.S. (Forthcoming 2020) Professionsetikkens personlige dimensioner. [“The personal dimension of Professional Ethics”]. In Kari Blume Dahl (ed.): Professionspsykologi, Aarhus Universitetsforlag.

Christensen, L. F., Simonsen, P., & Folker, A. P., 2020: Modern tragedies in self-help literature, blogs and online universes: conceptions of resilience as a literary phenomenon. BMJ Medical humanities, 46(4), 474-482.

Folker, A.P., Lauridsen, S.M.R., Hegelund, E., Wimmelmann, C.L., Flensborg-Madsen, T., 2020: Meaning in life as a protection against loneliness. Exploring empirical studies and theory. Health Promotion International, doi: 

Gripsrud, B.H., Ramvi, E., Ribers, B. (2020): Couldn’t care less? A psychosocial analysis of contemporary cancer care policy as a case of borderline welfare. Journal of Psychosocial Studies. (e-pub ahead of print)

Knox, J.B.L. (2020). The Vitality of Mortality: Being-towards-Death and Long-term Survivorship. In Journal of Medicine and Philosophy, online 2. juni 2020. DOI: 10.1093/jmp/jhaa010

KnoxJ.B.L. (2020). Stories of Despair: a Kierkegaardian Read of Suffering and Selfhood in Survivorship. In Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy, 23(1), 61-72, 2020. Published online 2019.

Kusier, A. O., & Folker, A. P., 2020: The Satisfaction with Life Scale: Philosophical Foundation and Practical Limitations. Health Care Analysis, 1-18.

Kristensen, M.M., Simonsen, P., Holm, M.L., Steenberg, M., Andersen, J.R., Hvidberg, S.E. & Folker, A.P., 2020:  Shared Reading as mental health promotion among newly retired men: Design of a feasibility study. Nordic Journal of Arts, Culture and Health, 2(02), 107-121. 

Mikkelsen N., Stenager E. & Bruun H. Etisk refleksion som klinisk redskab – en kvalitativ analyse af to cases vedrørende tvang i psykiatrien. Bibliotek for læger. September 2020/212 årgang. 

Nielsen, L. (2020). Contractualist Age Rationing Under Outbreak Circumstances. Bioethics 

Nielsen, L (forthcoming). Don’t Downplay ‘Play’: Reasons why health systems should protect childhood play.  Journal of Medicine and Philosophy

  • Abstract: There has been much research on the importance of play for children’s development. However, questions of its political importance and our public institutions’ duties to protect it have been largely neglected. This article argues that childhood play is politically important due to both its intrinsic and instrumental value, and it suggests that the duty to protect the capability for play in childhood falls, at least partially, upon the public health system. If this argument holds, it follows that we have stronger duties towards our children than we currently believe.

Oxholm C., Christensen A.M.S., Christiansen R. & Nielsen A.S. (2020).Can we talk about alcohol for a minute? Thoughts and opinions expressed by staff and patients at somatic hospital. Alcoholism Treatment Quarterly. Published online: 12 Aug

Oxholm C., Christensen A.M.S. & Nielsen A.S. (forthcoming 2020). The Ethics of Algorithms in Healthcare”. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics.


Andersen MM. (2019). Om betydningen af personligt ansvar i sundhedspolitiske begrundelser. In Folkesundhed - bag om intensioner og strategier. Gad.

Christiansen R., Christensen A.M.S., Bilberg R. & Emiliussen J. (2019). Factors Influencing Moral Responsibility and Control in People Suffering from Alcohol Use Disorder - a Qualitative Study, Alcoholism Treatment Quarterly.  Alcoholism Treatment Quarterly, Published online: 01 Feb 2019, DOI: 10.1080/07347324.2019.1571876

Folker, A.P., Kristensen, M.M., Kusier, A.O., Nielsen, M.B., Lauridsen, S.M. & Sølvhøj, I.N., 2019: Exploring perceptions of continuity of care among people with long-term mental disorders in Denmark. Qualitative Health Research, Vol. 29 (13), pp. 1916 - 1929:  

Folker, A.P., Wimmelmann, C.L., Hegelund, E.R., Mortensen, E.L.  & Flensborg-Madsen, T., 2019: The association between life satisfaction, vitality, self-rated health and risk of cancer. Quality of Life Research, 28(4), pp. 947-954: 

Hegelund, E.R., Folker, A.P., Østergaard, E.J., Wimmelmann, C.L., Mortensen, E.L.  & Flensborg-Madsen, T., 2019: Infant socioeconomic position and quality of life in midlife: A 50-year follow-up study of 2,079 individuals in Denmark. Applied Research in Quality of Life, pp. 1-15: 

Kristensen, M.M., Sølvhøj, I.N., Kusier, A.O. & Folker, A.P., 2019: Addressing organizational barriers to continuity of care in the Danish mental health system – a comparative analysis of 14 national intervention projects. Nordic Journal of Psychiatry: 

Kusier, A.O. & Folker, A.P., 2019: The Well-Being Index WHO-5: hedonistic foundation and practical limitations. BMJ Medical Humanities, 0: 1–7. doi:10.1136/medhum-2018-011636


Bruun H., Lystbaek S.G., Huniche L., Pedersen R.  (2018). Ethical challenges assessed in the clinical ethics Committee of Psychiatry in the region of Southern Denmark in 2010-2015: a qualitative content analysis. BMC Medical Ethics

Christensen A.M.S. (2018). The Institutional Framework of Professional Virtue. In David Carr (ed.): Cultivating Moral Character and Virtue in Professional Practice, London: Routledge, pp. 124-134.

Christensen, L.F. & Folker, A.P., 2018: En moderne tragedie - Selvhjælp som litterært fænomen. Bibliotek for læger, nr. 1. 

Knox, J.B.L. (2018). Developing a novel approach to existential suffering in cancer survivorship through Socratic dialogue. In Psycho-Oncology, vol. 27, issue 7, pp. 1865-1867. DOI: 10.1002/pon.4750


Lauridsen, S.M.R., Dal, L. & Folker, A.P., 2018: Retfærdighed og social ulighed i sundhed i det kommunale sundhedsvæsen. Klinisk Sygepleje, Vol. 32, Nr. 2, pp. 111-122, DOI: 10.18261/issn.1903-2285-2018-02-04 


Christensen A.M.S. (2017). Patienter ‘on the road’. Patientinvolvering og kronisk sygdom. [Patient Involvement and Cronic Illness] in Anders Juhl Rasmussen (ed.):  Læse, skrive og hele. Perspektiver på narrativ medicin, Odense universitetsforlag, pp. 79-94.


Folker, A.P. & Lauridsen, S.M., 2017: Using action learning to reduce health inequity in Danish Municipalities. Leadership in Health Services, Vol. 30 Issue: 2, pp.194-207, doi:


Mikkelsen, S., Schaffalitzky de Muckadell, C., Binderup, L. G., Lossius, H. M., Toft, P., & Lassen, A. T. (2017). Termination of prehospital resuscitative efforts: a study of documentation on ethical considerations at the scene. Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine, 25, [35].


Nielsen, M.D., Kjær, S., Aldrich, P.T., Madsen, I.E.H., Friborg, M.K., Rugulies, R. & Folker, A.P., 2017: Sexual harassment in care work - Dilemmas and consequences: A qualitative investigation. International Journal of Nursing Studies, 70: 122-130. 


Knox, J.B.L. (2017). Ethical Competence Training for Members on Clinical Ethics Committees (CEC): Experiences from Denmark. In International Journal of Ethics Education, Vol. 2, Issue 2, pp. 203-213


Andersen MM & Nielsen MEJ. (2016). Personal responsibility and lifestyle diseases. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy (41) 5: 480-499.

Hem, M.H., Gjerberg, E., Husum, T.L. &Pedersen, R. (2016). Ethical challenges when using coercion in mental healthcare: a systematic literature review. Nurse Ethics

Knox, J.B.L. (2016). Facing Life after Facing Death: The Moral Occasion of Cancer. In Philosophical Practice, Vol. 11, No. 2

Molewijk, B., Engerdahl, I.S. & Pedersen, R. (2016). Two years of moral case deliberations in the use of coercion in mental health care: which ethical challenges are being discussed by health care professionals?  Clinical Ethics

Reiter-Theil, S., Schürmann, J. (2016). The "Big Five" in 100 Clinical Ethics Consultation Cases, Bioethica Forum. 9: 60 - 70


Andersen MM, &Nielsen MEJ. (2015). Luck Egalitarianism, Universal Health Care, and Non-Responsibility-Based Reasons for Responsibilization. Res Publica 21: 201- 216.

Bruun H. Et klinisk etisk dilemma – case behandlet I en klinisk etisk komité: omsorgssvigt versus tvangsbehandling. Bibliotek for læger. Juni 2015/207 årgang. 

Uldall, Andersen, Greisen, Hagelund Hansen, Holte Kofoed, Bresson Ladegaard Knox, Nabe-Nielsen, Petersen, Ploug & Sehested. (2015). Landets første klinisk etiske komite for pædiatri. I Ugeskrift for Læger, 177: V10140579


Andersen MM. (2014). What does society owe me if I am responsible for being worse off? Journal of Applied Philosophy (31) 3: 271-286.

Andersen MM. (2014). Hvorfor er sociale uligheder i sundhed uretfærdige? Politica (46) 2: 152-169.

Hem, M.H., Molewijk B. & Pedersen R. (2014). Ethical challenges in connection with the use of coercion: a focus group study of health care personnel in mental health care. BMC Medical Ethics

Knox, J.B.L. (2014). The 4C Model: A Reflective Tool for the Analysis of Ethical Cases at the NICU, The University Hospital Copenhagen, Rigshospitalet. In Clinical Ethics, vol. 9(4)

Pelto-Piri, V., Engström, K. & Engström, I. (2014). Staffs’ perceptions of the ethical landscape in psychiatric inpatient care: A qualitative content analysis of ethical diaries', Clinical Ethics. 9: 45-52.


Knox, J.B.L. (2013). The Exigency of Being Parrhèsiastic: On Truth-telling in Socratic Dialogue Groups with Survivors of Cancer. In Journal Of Humanities Therapy, Vol. 4 December 2013.


Segall, S. (2009). Health, luck, and justice. Princeton University Press.


Austin, W. J., Kagan, L., Rankel, M. & Bergum, V. (2008). The balancing act: psychiatrists' experience of moral distress. Medicine Health Care Philosophy, 11: 89-97.

Colombo, A. (2008). Models of mental disorder: how philosophy and social sciences can illuminate psychiatric ethics. in G. Widdershoven, McMillan, J., Hope, T., van der Scheer, L. (ed.), Emperical Ethics in Psychiatry. pp 69-93. Oxford University Press.

Daniels N. (2008). Just Health: Meeting Health Needs Fairly. New York: Cambridge University Press

In progress

Knox, J.B.L. (submitted). The Ethics Laboratory: A Dialogical Practice for Moral Deliberations in Professional Cross-Fields

Nielsen, L. (under review). Pandemic prioritarianism

  • Abstract: Prioritarianism pertains to the generic idea that it matters more to benefit people, the worse off they are. And while prioritarianism is not uncontroversial, it is considered a generally plausible and widely shared distributive principle often applied to health care prioritization. In this paper, I identify social justice prioritarianism, severity prioritarianism, and age-weighted prioritarianism as three different interpretations of the general prioritarian idea and discuss them in light of the effect of pandemic consequences on health care priority setting. Upon this analysis, the paper arrives at the following three conclusion: 1) that we have strong prioritarian reasons for special concern about the vulnerable and socially disadvantaged in reference to pandemic effects, 2) that severity of illness is an important factor in identifying the worse off in priority setting, and that this could potentially imply special priority to the socially disadvantaged (even when needs are equal), and 3) that the maximization rationale of the age-weighted view runs against the other interpretations of the prioritarian idea, and the age-weighted prioritarianism should consequently be rejected as a form of prioritarianism. 

Nielsen, L. (under review). Cost-Effectiveness, Disability Discrimination, and Treatment-Responsive Health

  • Abstract: Since standard cost-effectiveness analysis gives reduced value to life-years of disabled people, it is commonly believed that a scheme for healthcare priority-setting based on cost-effectiveness discriminates against the disabled. However, some ethicists argue that cost-effectiveness is not discriminatory against the disabled, or that disability discrimination is justified in cost-effectiveness analysis. While ethicists have in the recent years qualified this debate significantly by offering reasons on both sides, further theoretical development is still needed. In this paper I argue that for purposes of healthcare priority, we need a conception of heath that allows the assessment of health-related quality of life to focus on people’s justified claims for healthcare resources, and I offer a treatment-responsive conception of health as a suggestion. The treatment-responsive conception of health avoids the problems with disability-discrimination that ethicists point to and thereby enables cost-effective prioritisation that does not discriminate against disabled. Moreover, it sits well with our intuitions about the relationship between health, disease, and disability. This contributes to the literature on priority setting in healthcare and medical ethics.

Oxholm C., Christensen A.M.S, Christiansen R., Wiil U.K. & Nielsen A.S. (in review). Attitudes of patients and health professionals regarding screening algorithms: a qualitative study. Journal of Medical Internet Research.

Sidst opdateret: 07.09.2022