This Emergency management plan is a digitalized version of the official Emergency management plan (PDF).
In the event of fire, danger of explosion, or escaping chemicals.
1. Alarm procedures
5. Personal injury
7. Fire-fighting equipment
8. Threats and violence
9. Chemical accidents
10. Appendix 1, 'Instructions for evacuation and assembly points managers'
- Begræns skaden/ Contain the damage
Ring 1-1-2. Oplys/Call 1-1-2. Tell them:
- Hvad er dit navn?/ Your name
- Hvad er der sket?/ What has happened
- Hvor ringer du fra?/ Where you are calling from
Evakuer omradet om nødvendigt/Evacuate the area if necessary
- Aktiver varslingsanlæg hvis det fore ndes/ Activate any alarms
- Alarmer dine omgivelser mundtligt/ Alert those in your vicinity as quickly as possible
- Benyt nærmeste sikre udgang/ Use the nearest safe exit
Ring 6550 8888 og informer SDU/ Call 6550 8888 and inform SDU
Signs, emergency tele- phones and emergency equipment in public areas
1. Site maps
Site maps showing the location of emergency equipment are posted in strategic areas at SDU and are also available as folders.
2. Safety information
Safety information is posted in all classrooms and meeting rooms. It in- dicates maximum numbers of people, alarm procedures and access to the nearest emergency exit.
3. ’Safety points’
’Safety points’ contain maps showing routes for ambulances and emergency exits, emergency equipment (e.g. a re extinguisher, a de brillator and a rst aid box) and an emergency telephone to call 1-1-2 and 6550 8888 internally.
Inform you how you can be alerted and/or how to alert others in the case of an event.
Please note that there are various options for alerts in SDU’s buildings and built-up areas and that electronic alarm units do not cover all sites.
Types of alert
Three types of alert are used at SDU:
- A spoken alert:
A loudspeaker system broadcasting spoken information and guidance to the people in a given area.
- An audible tone alert:
A loudspeaker transmitting an electronic signal to inform people in a given area that something has occurred.
- A person-to-person alert:
Oral alert where somebody has discovered that it is no longer safe to stay in a given area and informs those present that they should vacate the area.
The key drawings in appendix 3 show the locations of electronic alert systems in the unit.
People must be evacuated from a building if it is no longer safe to stay in it. Activate an alert system if there is one, or inform people orally.
If possible, the ’jacket model’ should be used to help with evacuation in a unit’s own areas (non-public areas). Take the closest, safe emergency exit or escape route even though it may not be the shortest route to the assembly point.
When being evacuated from public areas, those present must follow the instructions on information displays and/or comply with signals/instructions from alert systems or instructions from personnel.
Non-public areas/the jacket model
Evacuation from non-public areas is carried out using the ’jacket model’ with people taking the initiative to actively support the evacuation process. Non-public areas are divided into a number of evacuation zones that are equipped with an evacuation stand.
Evacuations stands contain: a yellow bag containing a yellow jacket, instructions for the evacuation manager and a map of the area to be evacuated. An orange bag containing an orange jacket and instructions for the assembly point manager with a map showing the location of the assembly point. The instructions are reproduced in appendix 1.
When sta become aware of an event that requires evacuation, the rst voluntary member of sta must go to the evacuation stand and take on the task of evacuation manager (yellowjacket) .Another volunteer must go to the evacuation stand and take on the task of assembly point manager (orange jacket) .
- The evacuation manager (yellowjacket) has overall responsibility for getting people to vacate the area and for ensuring that the area is searched to make sure everybody has left. The evacuation manager would do well to delegate tasks so as to maintain an overview of the area. The evacuation manager must give the assembly point manager a status report at the assembly point.
- The assembly point manager (orange jacket) has overall responsibility for establishing the assembly point for evacuees, for passing on the result of the evacuation to the police/ re service and for reporting back to evacuees.
The use of jackets is intended to support evacuation. In cases where the jackets cannot be used, people should nd the nearest safe exit and continue to the assembly point.
Ensure there is clear communication in order to make sure everybody has vacated the building/area.
Internal notication on 6550 8888
When the University of Southern Denmark receives a noti cation on 6550 8888, the information is assessed and an internal emergency management procedure is initiated. The member of sta who takes the call passes on the information about the event in question to an internal emergency management o cer, who decides which areas of expertise must be informed immediately, including:
- Technical services (assessment of the need for technical assistance at the site of the event, cordoning, clearing up after damage, etc.)
- The Vice-Chancellor’s O ce (assessment of coordinated action in connection with major or serious events)
- Communication (assessment of the need to inform the press and of the need for supplementary alerts)
- The IT service (assessment of the need for IT support)
- The HR service (assessment of casework in connection with personal matters and personnel matters)
If an event involving danger to life and/or health or loss and/or damage of property is ob- served, the manager nearest to the event must be informed of what has occurred. The manager is responsible for giving injured persons, colleagues, neighbours and partners the appropriate level of information about the event. Only the university’s management and the communications department may contact the media in connection with events that could attract the attention of the public and the media.
Step-by-step first aid
Limit the accident
Take the injured person to a safe place, stop machines or working processes and switch o electricity.
Assess the condition of the person
1. Is he/she unconscious?
A. Make sure his/her airway is open ('A' for airway
B. Check his/her breathing ('B' for breathing)
C. Check his/her pulse ('C' for circulation)
If an unconscious person is breathing unaided place him/her in a stable recovery position.
Give life-saving first aid
2. Begin cardiopulmonary resuscitation.
Compress the person’s chest in the middle of the sternum 30 times and then give mouth-to-mouth resuscitation twice. There are de brillators at ’Safety points’, cf. appendix 3.
3. Stop any bleeding
Place the injured person on the floor. Press your thumb on the wound if there is serious arterial bleeding. In all other cases of major bleeding, lift the injured limb and bandage it tightly.
Call for help
Follow the alert instructions. Meet the ambulance at the entrance and show the way. Note access points for stretchers. The local Technical Services or an emergency management o - cer can help to guide emergency service personnel, help to limit injury, cordon o the area and inform the emergency management o cer about the circumstances of the injury, etc.
Give ordinary first aid.
The location of first aid boxes is shown on the key drawings in appendix 3.
With accidents involving chemicals workplace instructions must be followed. If possible, take the instructions with you to show a doctor:
Take the injured person into the fresh air.
Provoke vomiting in the case of poisoning. If poisoning by caustic chemicals, do not provoke vomiting. Instead give him/her plenty of water or milk to drink.
- Remove any clothing contaminated with chemicals and rinse with water - rapidly and copiously.
Refer separately to the Poison Control Hotline’s (Giftlinjens) first aid instructions. Contact the Poison Control Hotline on tel.: 82 12 12 12. www.giftlinjen.dk.
Mental health first aid
Consider whether there is a need for mental health first aid. Show compassion for the injured person’s physical well-being. Try to calm him/her and if possible relieve his/her ’anxiety’.
Shock and crisis reactions can arise hours and days after an event. Compassion and crisis relief are described in separate instructions on mental health first aid, which can be found online at www.sdu.dk/sikkerhed.
If there is a need for medical help, contact the person’s own doctor if possible (see the in- formation on his/her medical card) or contact the Region of Southern Denmark’s Emergency Medical Service on tel.: 70 11 07 07. If there is a need for treatment at a casualty ward, a colleague should, if possible, accompany the injured person.
All cases of work-related personal injury must be reported to the injured person’s manager who, in collaboration with the working environment group, will register the injury with the Health & Safety Department, Human Resource Service.
Initially assess the need for action in the event of fire:
1. Put out the fire if possible
- Fight the fire with suitable extinguishing equipment.
Rapid action with smaller res can reduce damage considerably.
- Ask a colleague for assistance.
- Do not take risks.
- Cordon o the area for unauthorised persons.
2. Contact the fire service
- Call 112. A delay in contacting the fire service can lead to considerable increase in damage.
- Meet the fire service if possible and show the way to the scene of the fire. When the fire service arrives, they will assume charge of the incident.
- Warn others orally.
- Do not use lifts.
4. Limit the spread of the fire
- Close doors, windows and gates, if possible.
- Remove in ammable material, if possible.
- Remove or contain the source of the fire.
There are instructions for using the equipment in the section ’Fire- fighting equipment’ (page 11).
Important information on fire
Three factors dictate whether a fire will arise or spread: oxygen, temperature and inflammable material. A fire will always spread upwards in seconds, laterally in minutes and downwards in hours (see illustration). If one or more of these factors changes, the fire will die out.
In practical terms this means you should:
- Cut off the supply of oxygen (with fires in small rooms): close doors and windows to make sure there is no supply of oxygen (via an open window, for instance).
- Reduce the temperature (with res in electrical installations or in ammable liquids): use a carbon dioxide extinguisher to reduce the temperature to the point where the re dies out.
- Remove the in ammable material (with a re in a wastepaper basket, for instance): pick up the object if possible and throw it out of the window.
- When the alarm and evacuation have begun in the affected area, those in neighbouring areas can be alerted and evacuated. First upstairs, then to the sides and finally downstairs.
Minor fires should be put out with due regard to the suitability of the extinguishing substance to the type of fire.
The fire-fighting equipment accessible at University of Southern Denmark is introduced below.
CARBON DIOXIDE EXTINGUISHERS
Not to be used on:
Not to be used on:
HAND EXTINGUISHER UNIT
Not to be used to
Not to be used on:
Staff and students are expected to show professional solidarity in ensuring that colleagues and fellow students are not unhappy in their work. If you suspect a colleague/fellow student of being unhappy at work, you can express concern by having a sympathetic chat with the person in question. If you feel that a colleague/fellow student’s unhappiness requires external support you should report it to an immediate superior. Use is made at the University of Southern Denmark of the Safety and Crisis Management manual from the Ministry of Education. Ongoing assessments of the necessary level of support are carried out based on reported events and other relevant circumstances.
- Try if possible to defuse con icts that are developing into threatening or o ensive behaviour
- Stay calm and be patient. Focus on the problems of the person in question, not on his/her attitude. Be respectful, attentive and appreciative.
- Outline the person’s options for action. Allow him/her to let o steam. Resume the discussion of his/her problems when he/she is calmer.
- Allow the person in question physical space.
- Maintain a friendly, calm and neutral attitude.
- Ensure your own safety and that of others. Always call for help if a con ict becomes more intense and draw the attention of others to the situation if this is the case. Pay attention as a colleague, not to passive bystanders. Call the police direct on 1-1-2 if the need for help becomes acute.
- Do what the person threatening you demands as far as possible until help arrives. Do not play the hero.
- Give colleagues mental health first aid immediately after the episode.
With anonymous telephonic threats try to the keep the conversation going. Note as many details as possible. What lies behind the threat? How, where and when it will be e ectuated? Note any of the caller’s characteristic traits. Inform the nearest manager present immediately. If the risk seems acute, call the police direct on 1-1-2.
Do not touch suspicious and/or unattended objects. Cordon o the area for unauthorised persons. Inform the nearest manager. Contact Technical Services on 6550 8888 for an initial investigation of the situation. If the risk seems acute, call the police direct on 1-1-2.
Acts of violence
The alarm instructions should be activated in cases of violence.
- If possible stay at a safe distance from the person in question and discreetly remove any objects that could be used as weapons.
- Follow the instructions dealing with personal injuries (page 8).
Uncontrollable violent behaviour
If there is concern regarding radicalised individuals or incidents that could involve rearms that is not acute, the nearest manager should be contacted. He/she will report the matter to Technical Services sta who, in consultation with the Vice-Chancellorship, will contact the police or other authority if necessary. Where there is concern regarding radicalised individuals, uncontrollably violent behaviour or acts of terrorism for which immediate police intervention is considered necessary, the police should be contacted via 1-1-2. Technical Services should be notied as soon as possible via 6550 8888. Assess the situation and consider your options for getting away, hiding and/or creating a barricade. Wait for instructions from the police or responsible sta member. Measures for internal and external communication in connection with acts of violence will be coordinated and implemented by SDU Communication. The Vice-Chancellorship or external head of emergency service will consider whether to offer crisis counselling.
Reporting threats and violence
The immediate superior of the staff member who has been threatened or assaulted must be informed of the event as soon as possible after it has occurred. He/she will report the event to Technical Services staff who, in consultation with the person who has been threatened or assaulted and the Vice-Chancellorship, will decide whether SDU should report the matter to the police. Episodes of threatening behaviour or violence towards members of sta must be assessed by the working environment group. The manager must report any injury to the Working Environment Office as a work-related injury. If a member of staff or a student was responsible for the threatening behaviour or violence, the event can be handled by SDU as a complaint, a personnel matter or a case belonging under student regulations. Students who have been threatened or assaulted at the university can report the episode to Technical Services on 6550 8888 where staff can help to decide what further steps should be taken.
If a member of staff witnesses a case of property crime, he/she should observe and note the behaviour of the suspect. All cases of burglary and theft must be reported to the University of Southern Denmark on 6550 8888 as soon as possible so that an investigation can be initiated. An immediate superior must be informed. A written report must be sent to mailbox firstname.lastname@example.org containing information for the use of police investigations and possibly an insurance assessment when the extent of the theft has been determined.
Always follow the specific precautions for storing and handling the chemical in question and the appropriate first aid and emergency measures described in the accompanying workplace instructions for its use, see www.kemibrug.dk.
The local safety instructions for special areas must be followed:
Prior to starting work in the laboratory, you must be familiar with FKF’s safety folder.
In the event of chemical accident:
- Assess the danger – do not take any risks. Put on any necessary protective equipment.
- Close doors and windows and turn up mechanical ventilation.
- Stop and secure any experiments in progress.
- Turn off electricity and gas.
- Cover drains if there is a risk of an environmental hazard.
- Mark out the danger zone
There are staff at FKF who are trained to operate smoke fighting equipment for survival/ evacuation from areas after a chemical accident and if necessary throw residue material into chemical waste. The institute’s safety folder indicates who
has taken such a course for use of apparatus.
The location of safety equipment (emergency shower, first aid box, fire extinguishers, eye wash bottles, safety equipment for rescue work) is shown on the key drawings in appendix 3.
Internal and external assistance
Technical Services can help to turn off ventilation, cordon off the area and contact the environmental authorities.
Contact the Danish Emergency Management Agency on 45 90 60 00 (24-hour service) in connection with major spillages of longer duration for advice, chemical analyses and assistance at the site of the accident.
The Poison Control Hotline at Bispebjerg Hospital can be contacted for advice on 82 12 12 12 (24-hour service) in cases of poisoning.
The Centre for Biosecurity and Biopreparedness at ’Statens Serum Institut’ can be contacted on 32 68 81 27 (24-hour service) with major accidents involving biological substances for advice on collecting samples, diagnostics, therapeutics, vaccines, decontamination and information for the public.
The local person responsible for isotopes can be contacted in connection with accidents involving radioactive substances. The National Institute of Radiation Protection at the National Board of Health can be contacted on 44 94 37 73 (24-hour service) for advice, control measurements and possible assistance for cleaning up the site of the accident.
The police must be contacted on 1-1-2 if there is a risk of pollution in connection with leakages of oil or dangerous chemicals into the sewer system, streams or the soil.
Cleaning may only be carried out when there is sufficient knowledge of how to handle the chemicals involved in a safe manner.
Wear the necessary protective equipment when cleaning up.
The evacuation manager (yellow jacket)
has overall responsibility for getting people to vacate the area and searching it for anyone left behind. This information is to be conveyed to the assembly point manager. The evacuation manager would do well to delegate tasks so as to maintain an overview of the area.
1. Put on your yellow jacket for the evacuation
1. Alert everyone in your evacuation area
1. Make sure that a sweep of your area is carried out (see plan overleaf)
2. Make sure everyone leaves the area and goes to the assembly point
3. Tell all adjacent areas to evacuate
4. Take care of your own safety
5. Go to the assembly point an make a status report to the assembly point manager (orange jacket) regarding the sweep of your area and whether everyone has come out
6. Inform local management as soon as this becomes possible
The assembly point manager (orange jacket)
has the overall responsibility for being the assembly point for all those evacuated, for passing on the result of the evacuation to the police/ fire service and for reporting back to evacuees.
2. Go directly to the assembly point (see the plan overleaf)
3. Receive status report from the evacuation manager present (yellow jacket) regarding the sweep of their areas and whether everyone has come out
4. Coordinate with the other assembly point managers (orange jackets)
Put on your orange jacket for the evacuation
Go directly to the assembly point(see the plan overleaf)
Receive status reports from the evacuation manager present (yellow jackets) regarding the sweep of their areas and whether everyone has come out
Coordinate with the other assembly point managers (orange jackets)
- Make immediate contact with the police or fire service chiefs present and give them a status report regarding the sweep of the area including whether everyone has come out
- Ensure that the evacuees are kept informed