This course will give you an insight into environmentally friendly technologies for the treatment and use of animal manure and organic waste, i.e bio-waste.
5 ECTS points
summer course, 19.-30. August 2013 (both days included)
Elective course for master/postgraduate students and Ph.d.-students. Max. 25 participants
University of Southern Denmark, Faculty of Engineering, Dept. of Chemical, Bio- and Environmental Engineering.
Niels Bohrs Alle 1, DK-5230 Odense M, Denmark
- The participants must hold a bachelor degree in natural resources, biology, chemistry, microbiology, chemical engineering, environmental engineering or similar applied sciences.
- The participants should have a basic knowledge of statistical methods and of simple modelling (first order reactions, continuous mixed flow and plug flow models).
- The participants need to be proficient in written and oral English.
- The participants need to bring a laptop computer, needed when solving assignments and working on a large case the second week of the course period.
1st June 2013
The participants will achieve competences in analysing and developing environmental friendly technological and whole system solutions for organic biowaste utilisation and recycling to land, with a main focus on animal manures.
In particular the participants will achieve competence in:
- Mass balance analysis of biowaste element flows.
- Selection of separation technologies.
- Ensuring optimal use of specific biomasses and energy conversion technologies.
- Identification and control measures of gas emission (ammonia, odour and greenhouses gases)
- Application of mathematical models for system analysis of biowaste management option
The course is about the management and treatment of bio-waste, with a major focus on animal manures (slurry, solid farmyard manure, deep litter etc.) from livestock production.
Participation in the course will give students a fundamental understanding of technologies for treatment of bio-waste that can alleviate the potential damage to the environment caused by livestock production. The student will achieve an ability to analyse and a capacity in presenting data and processes. The course will give insight and hands on experience in the functionality of environmental technologies for the treatment of bio-waste, in particular animal manures. Specific themes of the course will be:
- Separation of bio-waste slurries into a liquid fraction and a phosphorous and dry matter rich solid fraction through application of mechanical separation with or without additions of coagulants (Iron and aluminium salts) and flocculants (Polymers).
- Reactor technologies for biogas (methane) production from bio-waste materials.
- Composting of organic bio-waste materials for stabilisation and quality improvement.
- Technologies for the reduction of the emission of odour, ammonia and greenhouse gases from stored bio-waste.
- Bio-waste land application techniques to reduce ammonia emissions.
- Sampling and analysis of bio-waste – for the assessment of nutrient mass balances and losses to the environment
- Biomass application to land for crop production, the mineral fertiliser value of the biomass.
- System analysis of biowaste management options with the use of mathematical models
Through lectures, problem based case studies, laboratory experiments and reporting the participants will have acquired the skills to carry out:
- Energy and mass balance analysis of separation and composting of animal manure
- Laboratory training in the use of additives for enhancing separation of slurry
- Analysis of mass balance of biowaste treatment
- Design of biogas production
- Whole system analysis of bio waste management and cycling at the scale of the livestock farm
- Assessment of biowaste management regulations effect on environmental impact.
The course gives important competences for jobs in private or public advisory service, environmental technology industry R&D, public administration and international organisations, as well as teaching and research at college and university level.
Before the course commences (at least two weeks before), each student must write and submit a short report (5-10 pages) on home country manure management, i.e. animal manure production statistics, management technologies and regulation of animal waste use.
The on-campus part of the course will in the first week consist primarily of lectures, case-based exercises and hands-on laboratory work in teams of 3-5 persons. Through these activities the participants will be introduced to the available environmental technologies for treating bio-waste, to systems analyses and mass balance modelling.
In the second week, the primary teaching format will be group work, in which the students define and carry out a project to analyse a particular biowaste treatment problem. The project must include a system analysis of the identified problem and suggested solutions.
Excursions to industries using biomass for energy production and using environmentally friendly technologies will also be included.
Assessment will be based equally on all three parts (Essay, group report and oral examination), and assessed according to the 7 points ECTS scale. There will be internal censorship based on an individual oral examination.
Course responsible and contact persons:
Sven G. Sommer, professor,
Institute of Chemical Engineering, Biology and Environmental Engineering, University of Southern Denmark.
Tlf. +45 6550 7359
Lars S. Jensen, professor,
Plant and Soil Science Laboratory, Department of Agricultural Sciences, Faculty of Life Science, University of Copenhagen Thorvaldsensvej 40, DK-1871 Frederiksberg C, DENMARK
Phone: +45 3528 3470
Following please find additional information that in a revised form can be send on request or uploaded on websites:
Course litterature/study material:
Handouts and compendium
Social and cultural programme:
The student will participate in a tour to farms/industries having installed bio-energy technology.
Course tuition and fees:
- For non-EU citizen the tuition will be € 1160
- For EU citizen or students from universities with exchange agreements with University of Southern Denmark there will be no fee.
Contact your university administration for information about scholarships.
Arrival and departure:
- Arrival and registration on Monday 19th of August 8,30 AM.
- Departure on Friday the 30st of August 17,00 PM.
Students can apply for accommodation Academy of Agricultural Business Denmark
Please contact Ms. Majken Helsgaard
Academy of Agricultural Business Denmark (Dalum Landbrugsskole)
DK-5260 Odense S
Phone. +45 6613 2130